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LC
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer

Justification
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Taxonomic source(s)
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Taxonomic note
Terpsiphone rufiventer (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) was split into T. rufiventer and T. smithii following Harrison (1990) and this treatment followed by Collar et al. (1994) and BirdLife International (2000, 2004). However, the distinctiveness of smithi falls within the variation found within rufiventer, and this split is now not considered valid by the BirdLife Taxonomic Working Group.

Distribution and population
This species has a large range, across the moist lowland forests of West and Central Africa. The subspecies smithii (previously recognised as a separate species) is endemic to the Gulf of Guinea island of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea).

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be uncommon to abundant (Urban et al. 1997).

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.

Ecology
The species is found in moist lowland forests.

Threats
The subspecies smithii could be affected by clearance and modification of its habitat for fruit, oil-palm and sugarcane cultivation (BirdLife International 2000).

References
BirdLife International. 2000. The Development of Boundary Selection Criteria for the Extension of Breeding Seabird Special Protection Areas into the Marine Environment. OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic. Vlissingen (Flushing).

Urban, E. K.; Fry, C. H.; Keith, S. 1997. The birds of Africa vol. V. Academic Press, London.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Pilgrim, J., Ekstrom, J., Butchart, S.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Terpsiphone rufiventer. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Monarchidae (Monarchs)
Species name author (Swainson, 1837)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 4,520,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change