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Duida Grass-finch Emberizoides duidae

Justification
This species is considered Near Threatened as it has a tiny range, being restricted to a single mountain. Although its habitats are currently secure, future changes in land use or climate could rapidly lead to an increased threat status.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Distribution and population
Emberizoides duidae occurs on Cerro Duida in Amazonas, south Venezuela (Chapman 1929). It is very poorly known, but is thought to be stable due to the remote and inaccessible nature of its preferred grassland habitats.

Population justification
This is a poorly known species and no population estimates are available.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Ecology
This species inhabits savanna grasslands at 1,000-2,040 m (Chapman 1929), and little is known of its ecology except that it occurs above the altitudinal range of it congener E. herbicola.

Threats
It is very poorly known but, owing to the largely inaccessible nature of the isolated Pantepui region, its habitat remains relatively undisturbed (Huber and Alarcón 1988). However, the effects of a single catastrophic event, such as a major conflagration, could be serious, since tepui vegetation tends not to regrow but is replaced by bracken Pteridium (Stattersfield et al. 1998). Known only from a handful of specimens collected in 1928 and 1929 (Chapman 1929, Hilty 2003), it is considered nationally Data Deficient in Venezuela (Sharpe 2008).


Conservation Actions Underway
Conservation Actions Proposed
Locate and monitor populations on Cerro Duida in order to determine population trends and identify potential threats. Ensure the protection of reminaing native campo grasslands at the site.

References
Chapman, F. M. 1929 . Descriptions of new birds from Mt. Duida, Venezuela. American Museum Novitates 380: 1-27.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2010. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. A&C Black, London.

Huber, O.; Alarcón, C. 1988. Mapa de la vegetación de Venezuela. Ministério del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables (División de Vegetación) and Nature Conservancy, Caracas.

Parker, T. A.; Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In: Stotz, D.F.; Fitzpatrick, J.W.; Parker, T.A.; Moskovits, D.K. (ed.), Neotropical bird ecology and conservation, pp. 113-436. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Ridgely, R. S.; Tudor, G. 1989. The birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Sharpe, C.J. 2008. Aves. In: Rodríguez, J.P. & Rojas-Suárez, F. (ed.), Libro Rojo de la fauna Venezolana, 3rd edition, pp. 122-157. Provita & Shell Venezuela, S.A.,, Caracas, Venezuela.

Stattersfield, A. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Long, A. J.; Wege, D. C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Gilroy, J., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Emberizoides duidae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author Chapman, 1929
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 140 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species