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Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2c+3c+4c 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 232,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.7 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as uncommon and patchily distributed. Home range size averages between 6.13 ha and 7.15 ha.
Trend justification: Data on precise population trends are lacking, but this rare and habitat-restricted species is suspected to be in moderate decline owing to the on-going destruction of Polylepis woodlands throughout its range.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Bolivia Native Extant       Yes
Chile Native Extant       Yes
Colombia Native Extant       Yes
Ecuador Native Extant       Yes
Peru Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Finca Las Costas/Cordón Lesser site factsheet
Argentina Queñoales de Santa Catalina site factsheet
Argentina Santa Victoria, Cañani y Cayotal site factsheet
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Madidi site factsheet
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Mina Elba site factsheet
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Sanja Pampa site factsheet
Bolivia Parque nacional Sajama site factsheet
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama site factsheet
Bolivia Southern slopes of Tunari National Park (Vertiente Sur del Parque Nacional Tunari IBA) site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Apolobamba site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca site factsheet
Chile Reserva Las Vicuñas site factsheet
Ecuador Cajas-Mazán site factsheet
Ecuador El Ángel-Cerro Golondrinas site factsheet
Ecuador Mindo and western foothills of Volcan Pichincha (Mindo y Estribaciones Occidentales del volcán Pichincha IBA) site factsheet
Ecuador Refugio de Vida Silvestre Pasochoa site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Antisana site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca site factsheet
Ecuador Yanuncay-Yanasacha site factsheet
Peru Cerro Huanzalá-Huallanca site factsheet
Peru Champará site factsheet
Peru Chiguata site factsheet
Peru Cordillera Huayhuash site factsheet
Peru Cordillera Huayhuash y Nor-Oyón site factsheet
Peru Cotahuasi site factsheet
Peru Parque Nacional Huascarán site factsheet
Peru Reserva Nacional Pampa Galeras site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 3200 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits 2700 - 4850 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Small-holder plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Oreomanes fraseri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Thraupidae (Tanagers)
Species name author Sclater, 1860
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 232,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species