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Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2010 Least Concern
2008 Data Deficient
2004 Data Deficient
2000 Data Deficient
1996 Data Deficient
1994 Data Deficient
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,700 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 13600 medium Estimated 2008
Population trend Stable poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.4 - - -
Population justification: A survey using playback has estimated the population at 13,600 mature individuals. This roughly equates to 20,000 individuals in total.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
United Kingdom Abernethy Forest site factsheet
United Kingdom Anagach Wood site factsheet
United Kingdom Ballochbuie site factsheet
United Kingdom Cairngorms site factsheet
United Kingdom Central Highland Hills and Glens site factsheet
United Kingdom Coilacriech site factsheet
United Kingdom Forest of Birse site factsheet
United Kingdom Glen Affric to Strathconon site factsheet
United Kingdom Glen Tanar site factsheet
United Kingdom Grampian Mountains site factsheet
United Kingdom Kinveachy Forest site factsheet
United Kingdom Loch Shin and Nearby Lochs site factsheet
United Kingdom Loch Shin and nearby lochs site factsheet
United Kingdom Loch Vaa site factsheet
United Kingdom Muir of Dinnet site factsheet
United Kingdom River Spey - Insh Marshes site factsheet
United Kingdom Upper Deeside Plantations site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem conversion


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Loxia scotica. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)
Species name author Hartert, 1904
Population size 13600 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 13,700 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment