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White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,730,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 520,000-1,600,000 breeding pairs, equating to 1,560,000-4,800,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 3,180,000-19,200,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Croatia Native Extinct Yes      
Czech Republic Native Extant   Yes    
France Native Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Hungary Vagrant Extant   Yes    
India Native Extant       Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Pakistan Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Bande Amir site factsheet
Afghanistan Big Pamir site factsheet
Afghanistan Salang Kotal site factsheet
Afghanistan Small Pamir site factsheet
Azerbaijan Zakataly site factsheet
France Parc National de la Vanoise site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Greece Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka site factsheet
Greece Mount Olympos site factsheet
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos site factsheet
Greece Timfi (Gamila) and Smolikas mountains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area site factsheet
Italy Adamello-Brenta site factsheet
Italy Dolomites site factsheet
Italy Gran Paradiso site factsheet
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains site factsheet
Italy Maritime Alps site factsheet
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side) site factsheet
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps site factsheet
Italy Sibillini mountains site factsheet
Italy Stelvio National Park site factsheet
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Alai site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Radika catchment site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Shar Planina Mountain site factsheet
Mongolia Khokh Serkhiin Nuruu site factsheet
Mongolia Tsengel Khairkhan Mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Alaniya National Park site factsheet
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Serbia Prokletije site factsheet
Serbia Sara mountain site factsheet
Slovenia Julijci site factsheet
Slovenia Karavanke site factsheet
Spain Babia-Somiedo site factsheet
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa site factsheet
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range site factsheet
Switzerland Aletsch region site factsheet
Switzerland Augstmatthorn site factsheet
Switzerland Bregaglia valley site factsheet
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp site factsheet
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys site factsheet
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park site factsheet
Switzerland Maggia valley site factsheet
Switzerland Piora - Dötra site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz site factsheet
Switzerland Simplon region site factsheet
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis site factsheet
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt site factsheet
Tajikistan Aktash massif site factsheet
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Drumkul Lake site factsheet
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz site factsheet
Tajikistan Ishkashim site factsheet
Tajikistan Iskanderkul lake and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Karakul lake and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Kondara Gorge site factsheet
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes) site factsheet
Tajikistan Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria) site factsheet
Turkey Ağrı Mount site factsheet
Turkey Aladağlar site factsheet
Turkey Bey Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Girdev Lake and Akdağlar site factsheet
Turkey Munzur Mountains site factsheet
Uzbekistan Angren Plateau site factsheet
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley site factsheet
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Montifringilla nivalis. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Passeridae (Sparrows, snowfinches and allies)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,600,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment