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White-winged Apalis Apalis chariessa

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 19,600 medium
Number of locations 14 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1500-7000 poor Suspected 2007
Population trend Decreasing medium -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 2000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.7 - - -
Population justification: Forests in the Udzungwas contain the largest population of the species, with a best guess of 'a couple of thousand individuals'. In Malawi, the population is thought to be around 100 individuals or more (L. Dinesen in litt. 2007), in Mozambique the species only occupies a small area of forest, and in Kenya it may be extinct. In light of this information, the species is placed in the range band for 2,500-9,999 individuals. This equates to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to the clearance and degradation of forests across the species's range, although the likely rate of decline has not been estimated.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Kenya Native Possibly Extinct       Yes
Malawi Native Extant       Yes
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Kenya Lower Tana River Forests site factsheet
Malawi Liwonde Hills Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Soche Mountain Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Thyolo Mountain Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Thyolo tea estates site factsheet
Mozambique Mount Chiperone site factsheet
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 50 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Apalis chariessa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Cisticolidae (Cisticolas and allies)
Species name author Reichenow, 1879
Population size 1500-7000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 19,600 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change