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Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis

Justification
This species has a moderately small range within which moderately rapid declines are occurring, owing to on-going loss and clearance of lowland forest. As a result it is classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Ficedula timorensis is restricted to Timor, Indonesia and Timor-Leste, where it appears to be uncommon or locally common, but may be frequently overlooked.

Population justification
The population size is unknown, but the species is described as uncommon or locally common (del Hoyo et al. 2006).

Trend justification
A moderately rapid decline is suspected owing to on-going forest loss within its restricted range.

Ecology
It occurs up to 1,200 m in the dense undergrowth of monsoon forest, apparently preferring areas with limestone boulders and rocky scree slopes. Although it has been found in degraded forest patches, it shows a preference for primary habitats. It typically forages alone or in pairs, within 2 m of the ground in dense undergrowth, gleaning insects or making short sallying flights.

Threats
It appears to favour areas with closed-canopy forest, which are constantly diminishing. The ground vegetation in suitable patches of forest is frequently grazed by cattle.

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Develop methods (possibly using playback or mist-netting) to determine its population density and likely status on the island of Timor. Protect areas of lowland forest. Assess rates of decline of forest cover using satellite imagery and remote sensed data in the absence of field surveys.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2006. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 11: Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Taylor, B. 2006. Family Muscicapidawe (Old World Flycatchers). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Christie, D. A. (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 11. Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers, pp. 56-163. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Bird, J., Butchart, S., Khwaja, N.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ficedula timorensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Muscicapidae (Chats and Old World flycatchers)
Species name author (Hellmayr, 1919)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,800 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species