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Cuban Solitaire Myadestes elisabeth

Justification
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it has a moderately small population and occupies a small range in which rates of habitat degradation and loss are likely to be causing a decline. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
AOU. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.
Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Distribution and population
Myadestes elisabeth is locally quite common on Cuba. In west Cuba, it is found only in Sierra de los Organos, Sierra del Rosario and Sierra de la Güira but is more widely distributed in the east. The race elisabeth, endemic to the Isle of Youth, was driven to extinction in the 1930s (Raffaele et al. 1998, del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
There are no data; however, the species is thought to be in decline owing to habitat loss.

Ecology
It is found in dense montane humid forest and nests on steep limestone cliffs and in tree cavities shielded by bromeliads (Wells and Mitchell 1995, Raffaele et al. 1998, Garrido and Kirkconnell 2000).

Threats
Throughout much of its range, forest is under conversion to cultivation and pasture, and there has been a recent expansion of cacao, coffee and tobacco production (Dinerstein et al. 1995). However, habitat in the population stronghold of Pinar del Rio province is considered relatively secure (Wells and Mitchell 1995, Raffaele et al. 1998).

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Protect forest in its stronghold of Pinar del Rio province. Discourage the conversion of native forest to cash-crops. Monitor the population.

References
del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2005. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Dinerstein, E.; Olson, D. M.; Graham, D. J.; Webster, A. L.; Primm, S. A.; Bookbinder, M. P.; Ledec, G. 1995. A conservation assesssment of the terrestrial ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Garrido, O. H.; Kirkconnell, A. 2000. Field guide to the birds of Cuba. Comstock / Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

Raffaele, H.; Wiley, J.; Garrido, O.; Keith, A.; Raffaele, J. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Wells, L.; Mitchell, A. 1995. The threatened birds of Cuba project.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Capper, D., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Myadestes elisabeth. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Turdidae (Thrushes)
Species name author (Lembeye, 1850)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,500 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species