email a friend
printable version
VU
Sri Lanka Magpie Urocissa ornata

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type shelf island
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,325 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 9000-19500 good Estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 6 - - -
Largest subpopulation 3120 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.7 - - -
Population justification: Extensive surveys in 2004-2006 estimated a total population of 10,181-19,765 individuals. However, the species is a cooperative breeder with a monogamous mating system, so the effective population size and the number of mature individuals may be considerably fewer. Hence we retain a lower estimate of 9,500-19,500 for mature individuals.
Trend justification: The species is suspected to have declined steadily, in line with forest loss in the wet zone of Sri Lanka. However, if the current moratorium on further logging remains in place this decline may slow.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Sri Lanka Agrapatana-Bopaththalawa site factsheet
Sri Lanka Bambarabotuwa site factsheet
Sri Lanka Delgoda / Kudumiriya / Kobahadukanda site factsheet
Sri Lanka Delwela / Panilkanda / Walankanda site factsheet
Sri Lanka Dotalugala / Rassagala site factsheet
Sri Lanka Gilimale-Eratna site factsheet
Sri Lanka Hakgala / Meepilimana site factsheet
Sri Lanka Haputale site factsheet
Sri Lanka Horton plains / Ohiya / Pattipola-Ambewela site factsheet
Sri Lanka Kithulgala site factsheet
Sri Lanka Knuckles Range (Knuckles IBA) site factsheet
Sri Lanka Morapitiya-Runakanda site factsheet
Sri Lanka Morningside and Handapan Ella Plains (Sinharaja IBA) site factsheet
Sri Lanka Nakiyadeniya / Kanneliya / Dediyagala site factsheet
Sri Lanka Nuwara Eliya site factsheet
Sri Lanka Peak Wilderness Sanctuary site factsheet
Sri Lanka Waratalgoda site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations marginal resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 150 - 2135 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Urocissa ornata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Corvidae (Crows and jays)
Species name author (Wagler, 1829)
Population size 9000-19500 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,325 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species