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Mallee Emuwren Stipiturus mallee
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered A2abc+3bc+4abc 
Vulnerable A2abc+3bc+4abc 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Endangered
2008 Endangered
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent
1994 Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Australia
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 20,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 7500-35500 medium Estimated 2006
Population trend Decreasing medium -
Number of subpopulations 7 - - -
Largest subpopulation 14300 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.7 - - -
Population justification: It appears to have declined heavily in recent years; wildfires have wiped out remnant subpopulations. The population has been estimated at c.15,307 (7,672-35,584) mature individuals (taking into account a male-skewed sex ratio), 14,300 of which are in the Murray-Sunset region (perhaps the last viable subpopulation) (Brown et al. 2009).
Trend justification: This species is suspected to be declining very rapidly, on the basis of continued habitat degradation owing to fire (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Australia Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Australia Billiatt site factsheet
Australia Murray-Sunset, Hattah and Annuello site factsheet
Australia Wyperfeld, Big Desert and Ngarkat site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Majority (50-90%) No decline Past Impact
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Stipiturus mallee. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Maluridae (Australasian wrens)
Species name author Campbell, 1908
Population size 7500-35500 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 20,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species