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White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus

Justification
This species is listed as Near Threatened because it is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid population decline owing to on-going habitat loss and degradation.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Distribution and population
Hylopezus ochroleucus is scarce and local in the interior of north-eastern Brazil in Piauí and Ceará south to southern Bahia and northern Minas Gerais (Sick 1993, Whitney et al. 1995, G. Kohler in litt. 2010). It is one of the scarcest species in the Boa Nova area of Bahia, although it is noted to be slightly more abundant in the Jequnhonha Valley in Minas Gerais (E. Ribeiro Luiz in litt. 2014). During February 2008, a survey in the state of Piauí, between the cities of Bertolinia, Manoel Emidio, Colonia do Gurguéia and Eliseu Martins, produced only one location for this species (G. Kohler in litt. 2010).



Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'rare' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
Data on population trends are lacking, but this species is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline owing to pressures on its habitats.

Ecology
It occurs in tall, lush caatinga woodland and semi-tropical deciduous forest at 500-1,000 m, where it frequents dense tangles (Ridgely and Tudor 1994), but persists in degraded areas (R. Parrini in litt. 1999).

Threats
Deforestation of caatinga for timber extraction and agricultural expansion (G. Kohler in litt. 2010, E. Ribeiro Luiz in litt. 2014), as well as understorey degradation by intensive grazing, must have adversely affected the species. The extent of these threats has accelerated since c.1970, with the Brazilian oil company, Petrobrás, building roads in the core of its range and opening up new areas to settlers (Stattersfield et al. 1998).



Conservation Actions Underway
There are no targeted conservation actions known for this species.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct ecological studies to determine the precise habitat requirements of this species, as well as levels of tolerance of secondary habitats and fragmentation. Survey known sites in order to determine population trends and rates of range contraction. Grant protected status to areas of suitable habitat and manage to prevent the encroachment of threats.

References
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 19 June 2012).

Ridgely, R. S.; Tudor, G. 1994. The birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Sick, H. 1993. Birds in Brazil: a natural history. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Stattersfield, A. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Long, A. J.; Wege, D. C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Whitney, B. M.; Pacheco, J. F.; Isler, P. R.; Isler, M. L. 1995. Hylopezus nattereri (Pinto, 1937) is a valid species (Passeriformes: Formicariidae). Ararajuba 3: 37-42.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A., Taylor, J. & Williams, R.

Contributors
Kohler, G., Luiz, é. & Parrini, R.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Hylopezus ochroleucus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Formicariidae (Antthrushes and antpittas)
Species name author (Wied, 1831)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) -
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species