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Long-tailed Cinclodes Cinclodes pabsti

Justification
This species is projected to experience a moderately rapid population reduction that may have begun already. It also has a small range within which habitat is becoming increasingly degraded, in particular owing to the development of pine plantations. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Identification
21-22 cm. Large cinclodes with fairly long, straight bill and relatively long tail. Prominent white supercilium. Dark on the lores to the rear of the auriculars. Greyish brown above with slightly darker crown. Two indistinct buff wing-bars and a cinnamon-buff wing panel. The tail is brown with paler outer retrices. Sexes alike. Similar spp. The only cinclodes occurring within its small range. Voice: Song, a prolonged trill increasing in volume towards the end, given from a perch or in flight; call a descending "tseeoo".

Distribution and population
Cinclodes pabsti is confined to south-east Brazil, where it occurs in south-east Santa Catarina state, north-east Rio Grande do Sul state and (disjunctly, 1,000 km to the north) the Serra do Cipó in central Minas Gerais (Freitas et al. 2008). The species is apparently rare in the areas surrounding Aparados da Serra and Serra Geral national parks (F. Olmos in litt. 2006); however, it is reportedly quite common within the proposed São Joaquim National Park (F. Olmos in litt. 2006). Its global population size has not been estimated.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
This species is suspected to be declining at a moderately rapid rate, as a result of habitat loss with up to 60% of grassland converted to Pinus plantation in some areas (C. S. Fontana in litt. 2006).

Ecology
It inhabits temperate grassland, pastures and agricultural land in higher areas; open grassland, often rocky and often near houses, usually near water. There are also records from urban areas and along roadsides (J. F. Amorim in litt. 2006). It can persist for over two years after an area is planted with Pinus, but it is displaced by the time the trees have reached 7 m (I. Accordi in litt. 2006).

Threats
The species is threatened by rapid habitat conversion into Pinus plantations across much of its range, with up to 60% of grassland converted in some areas (C. S. Fontana in litt. 2006). Similarly an increase in the area of vineyards and apple orchards poses a threat.

Conservation Actions Underway
The species occurs within Serra do Cipó, Aparados da Serra and Serra Geral National Parks and the proposed São Joaquim National Park. Conservation Actions Proposed
Protect remaining temperate grassland within the species's range. Assess the rate of habitat conversion and future proposals for Pinus plantations. Obtain a reliable global population estimate, especially in the light of the discovery of the disjunct population in Serra do Cipó. Research the species's resilience to habitat modification.

References
Freitas, G. H. S. de; Costa, L. M.; Ferreira, J. D.; Rodrigues, M. 2008. The range of Long-tailed Cinclodes Cinclodes pabsti extends to Minas Gerais (Brazil). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 128(3): 215-216.

Remsen, J. V. 2003. Family Furnariidae (Ovenbirds). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D.A. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 162-357. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Bird, J., Butchart, S., Gilroy, J. & Sharpe, C J

Contributors
Accordi, I., Amorim, J., Fontana, C. & Olmos, F.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Cinclodes pabsti. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Furnariidae (Ovenbirds)
Species name author Sick, 1969
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 21,300 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species