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Buff-throated Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus rufigularis

Justification
This species has a moderately small and declining population. Consequently it is currently classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Distribution and population
Hemitriccus rufigularis occurs disjunctly in the east Andes of Ecuador (west Napo, Morona-Santiago, Sucumbíos [T. Schulenberg in litt. 2001] and Zamora-Chinchipe), Peru (San Martín and from Huánuco south to Puno) and west Bolivia (La Paz, extreme south-west Beni and west Santa Cruz) (Ridgely and Tudor 1994). It is uncommon and very local.

Population justification
The population is preliminarily estimated to number at least 10,000 individuals, roughly equating to 6,700 mature individuals. This requires confirmation.

Trend justification
This species is suspected to lose 11.3-11.6% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (11 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is therefore suspected to decline by <25% over three generations.

Ecology
It appears to be restricted to vine tangles within humid foothill forest on isolated low massifs at 750-1,500 m (Ridgely and Tudor 1994; Parker et al. 1996; Ridgely and Greenfield 2001; Schulenberg et al. 2007).

Threats
In Peru, much of its habitat is relatively intact above 900 m, but there has been widespread destruction of foothill forests elsewhere in its range (Ridgely and Tudor 1994), where the effects of extensive agricultural conversion and logging have been amplified by road-building and human colonisation (Dinerstein et al. 1995).

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Designate and effectively protect areas of foothill forest within its range. Promote conservation of forests among local people. Study the species's ecology and determine its ability to persist in degraded and fragmented habitats. Survey suitable habitat within its potential range. Attempt to quantify any declines in population.

References
Dinerstein, E.; Olson, D. M.; Graham, D. J.; Webster, A. L.; Primm, S. A.; Bookbinder, M. P.; Ledec, G. 1995. A conservation assesssment of the terrestrial ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Parker, T. A.; Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In: Stotz, D.F.; Fitzpatrick, J.W.; Parker, T.A.; Moskovits, D.K. (ed.), Neotropical bird ecology and conservation, pp. 113-436. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Ridgely, R. S.; Greenfield, P. J. 2001. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution and taxonomy. Cornell University Press and Christopher Helm, Ithaca and London.

Ridgely, R. S.; Tudor, G. 1994. The birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Schulenberg, T. S.; Stotz, D. F. ; Lane, D. F.; O'Neill, J. P.; Parker III, T. A. 2007. Birds of Peru. Prnceton University Press, Prnceton, NJ, USA.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Capper, D., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

Contributors
Schulenberg, T.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Hemitriccus rufigularis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Tyrannidae (Tyrant-flycatchers)
Species name author (Cabanis, 1873)
Population size 6700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 60,900 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species