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European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 25,500 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15.7 - - -
Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 430,000-510,000 breeding pairs, equating to 1,290,000-1,530,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004); Brooke (2004) also estimated the total population to number around 1,500,000.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to predation by invasive species, pollution and development of breeding sites.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Algeria Vagrant Extant        
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Cyprus Vagrant Extant        
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Native Extant     Yes  
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant Yes      
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Ghana Vagrant Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Guinea Vagrant Extant        
Iceland Native Extant Yes      
Ireland Native Extant Yes      
Israel Vagrant Extant        
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malta Native Extant Yes      
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (European) Vagrant Extant        
São Tomé e Príncipe Unknown Extant        
Sierra Leone Vagrant Extant        
Spain Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Vagrant Extant        
Ukraine Vagrant Extant        
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Bordoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Eysturoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Fugloy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Hestur site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Kalsoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Koltur site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Kunoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Lítla Dímun site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Mykines and Mykineshólmur site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Nólsoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Sandoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Skúvoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Stóra Dímun site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Streymoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Suduroy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Svínoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vágar site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vidoy site factsheet
France Archipel de Molène site factsheet
France Archipel des Sept-Iles site factsheet
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec site factsheet
France Ile d'Ouessant site factsheet
France Iles Cerbicale site factsheet
France Iles Chausey site factsheet
France Iles Marseillaises: Maire, Jarron, Jarre, Riou, Calseraigne, Congloue et Pomègues site factsheet
France Presqu'île de Crozon, Tas de Pois et Rochers du Toulinguet site factsheet
France Rochers de Biarritz : le Bouccalot et la Roche Ronde site factsheet
Iceland Vestmannaeyjar site factsheet
Ireland Blasket Islands site factsheet
Ireland Bull and Cow Rocks site factsheet
Ireland High Island site factsheet
Ireland Illaunmaistir (Oilean Maistir) site factsheet
Ireland Inishglora and Inishkeeragh site factsheet
Ireland Inishmurray site factsheet
Ireland Puffin Island site factsheet
Ireland Rathlin O'Birne site factsheet
Ireland Roaninish site factsheet
Ireland The Skelligs: Great Skellig and Little Skellig site factsheet
Italy Cape Caccia and Conte port site factsheet
Italy Egadi islands site factsheet
Italy Pantelleria and Isole Pelagie site factsheet
Italy San Pietro and Sant'Antioco islands site factsheet
Malta Filfla islet site factsheet
Spain Aguas de Formentera y sur de Ibiza site factsheet
Spain Aguas de La Gomera - Teno site factsheet
Spain Aguas del Levante de Ibiza site factsheet
Spain Aguas del Poniente y Norte de Ibiza site factsheet
Spain Aguas del Sur de Mallorca y Cabrera site factsheet
Spain Alicante islets site factsheet
Spain Archipelago of Cabrera site factsheet
Spain Cala Salada - Illa d'en Calders site factsheet
Spain Cape Busto-Luanco site factsheet
Spain Coastal cliffs between isles of Malgrats and Cala Figuera site factsheet
Spain Costa da Morte Norte site factsheet
Spain Estrecho de la Bocaina site factsheet
Spain Ferrolterra-Valdoviño coast site factsheet
Spain Golfo de Cádiz site factsheet
Spain Island of Lobos site factsheet
Spain Isle of Conejera and islets of Bledes and Espartar (Ibiza) site factsheet
Spain Islets of Santa Eulalia, Redona and Es Canar (Ibiza) site factsheet
Spain Lanzarote islets site factsheet
Spain Littoral islets of Murcia and Almería site factsheet
Spain Plataforma - Talud Marinos del Cabo de la Nao site factsheet
Spain Plataforma Marina del Delta del Ebro - Columbretes site factsheet
Spain Portios islets-Conejera island site factsheet
Spain Ribadesella-Tina Mayor site factsheet
Spain Salmor rocky islets site factsheet
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles site factsheet
Spain Santander bay-Mouro islet site factsheet
Spain South-west coast of La Gomera site factsheet
Spain Tabarca - Cabo de Palos site factsheet
Spain Urdaibai - Matxitxako site factsheet
United Kingdom Auskerry site factsheet
United Kingdom Isles of Scilly site factsheet
United Kingdom Mousa site factsheet
United Kingdom North Rona and Sula Sgeir site factsheet
United Kingdom North Uist Machair and Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Pentland Firth Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Priest Island site factsheet
United Kingdom Skokholm and Skomer site factsheet
United Kingdom Sule Skerry and Sule Stack site factsheet
United Kingdom Treshnish Isles site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Hydrobates pelagicus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Hydrobatidae (Northern Storm-petrels)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 25,500 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species