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Chilean Flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A3cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Near Threatened
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass 2277.0 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,270,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,670,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15.3 - - -
Population justification: The population was estimated to number 200,000 individuals by del Hoyo (1992) and Valqui et al. (2000); however, a coordinated census in 2010 found 283,000 individuals, and gave a total population estimate of 300,000 individuals (Marconi et al. 2011).
Trend justification: Recent survey data are not indicative of a decline in the population at present (Marconi et al. 2011); but it is suspected that the population will undergo a moderately rapid decline over the next three generations owing to egg-harvesting, hunting, disturbance and degradation of the species's habitats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Bolivia Native Extant       Yes
Brazil Native Extant   Yes    
Chile Native Extant       Yes
Ecuador Native Extant   Yes    
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Vagrant Extant        
Paraguay Native Extant       Yes
Peru Native Extant       Yes
Uruguay Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Area Natural Protegida El Mangrullo site factsheet
Argentina Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa site factsheet
Argentina Bajos Submeridionales site factsheet
Argentina Bañado de Añatuya site factsheet
Argentina Bañados de Figueroa site factsheet
Argentina Bañados del Arroyo Chucul y Reserva Natural de Fauna Laguna La Felipa site factsheet
Argentina Bañados del Río Saladillo site factsheet
Argentina Bañados del Utis site factsheet
Argentina Barrancas de Baradero site factsheet
Argentina Caldenal del Sudoeste de Buenos Aires site factsheet
Argentina Ceibas site factsheet
Argentina Comodoro Rivadavia site factsheet
Argentina Complejo Islote Lobos site factsheet
Argentina Complejo Punta Tombo - Punta Atlas site factsheet
Argentina El Zurdo site factsheet
Argentina Estancia El Cóndor site factsheet
Argentina Estepas arbustivas del Sur de Buenos Aires site factsheet
Argentina Estuario del Río Coyle site factsheet
Argentina Estuario del Río Gallegos site factsheet
Argentina Extensión Límite Este y Sur del Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi site factsheet
Argentina Laguna de Pradere site factsheet
Argentina Laguna de Varvarco Campos y Tapia site factsheet
Argentina Laguna El Peinado site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Grande site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Guayatayoc site factsheet
Argentina Laguna La Alumbrera site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Los Enamorados site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Melincué site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Nimez y costa aledaña del Lago Argentino site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Purulla site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas de Guanacache site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas del suroeste y relictos del Caldenal site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas Runtuyoc - Los Enamorados site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas San Miguel y El Sauce site factsheet
Argentina Lagunillas site factsheet
Argentina Luracatao y Valles Calchaquíes site factsheet
Argentina Meseta de Somuncura Provincial Natural Protected Area site factsheet
Argentina Meseta del Asador (o Aguila) site factsheet
Argentina Meseta Lago Buenos Aires site factsheet
Argentina Meseta Lago Strobel site factsheet
Argentina Monumento Natural Bosques Petrificados y Estancia El Cuadro site factsheet
Argentina Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos site factsheet
Argentina Norte del Golfo San Jorge site factsheet
Argentina Parque Costero del Sur site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Lihue Calel site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Alerces y Laguna Terraplén site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Cardones site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Glaciares y adyacencias (Estancias El Sosiego, La Soledad y Anita) site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Perito Moreno y Reserva Provincial San Lorenzo site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Cumbres Calchaquíes site factsheet
Argentina Península y Bahía de San Julián site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Campos del Tuyú, Estancia El Palenque y Los Ingleses site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de Biosfera Albufera de Mar Chiquita site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple de Bahía Blanca, Bahía Falsa y Bahía Verde site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple San Blas y Refugio de Vida silvestre Complementario site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Natural de La Angostura site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Natural Otamendi, Reserva Provincial Río Lujan y alrededores site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Natural Punta Lara site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Aleusco site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial de Uso Múltiple Laguna Leandro site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial de Usos Múltiples Federico Wildermuth site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna de Llancanelo site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Salada Grande site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Olaroz-Cauchari site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Parque Luro site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Tromen site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca site factsheet
Argentina Salar del Hombre Muerto site factsheet
Argentina Salinas de Ambargasta site factsheet
Argentina Salinas Grandes site factsheet
Argentina San Antonio Oeste site factsheet
Argentina Sistema de Lagunas Los Aparejos, Azul y Negra site factsheet
Argentina Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos site factsheet
Argentina Sistema Península de Valdés site factsheet
Argentina Socompá-Llullaillaco site factsheet
Argentina Sur de Ramallo site factsheet
Argentina Valle del Río Collón Curá site factsheet
Argentina Valle del río Paraguay-Paraná site factsheet
Argentina Valle Fluvial del Río Paraguay site factsheet
Argentina Victorica site factsheet
Argentina Villa Iris, Chasicó, Napostá site factsheet
Argentina Villa marítima El Cóndor site factsheet
Argentina Vuelta de Obligado site factsheet
Bolivia Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira site factsheet
Bolivia Lago Titicaca (Sector Boliviano) site factsheet
Bolivia Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí site factsheet
Bolivia Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí site factsheet
Bolivia Parque nacional Sajama site factsheet
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Apolobamba site factsheet
Brazil Banhado do Taim site factsheet
Brazil Estuário da Laguna dos Patos site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe site factsheet
Chile Bahía de Putemun site factsheet
Chile Bahía de Quinchao site factsheet
Chile Bahía Lomas site factsheet
Chile Baker River Wetlands site factsheet
Chile Chacabuco Valley and Baker River Entrance site factsheet
Chile Corredor Biológico Nevados de Chillán-Laguna del Laja site factsheet
Chile Coyahique Alto-Coite site factsheet
Chile Desembocadura del Río Itata site factsheet
Chile Desembocadura Río Mataquito site factsheet
Chile Estuario de Maullín y Cerro Amortajado site factsheet
Chile Humedal El Yali site factsheet
Chile Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa site factsheet
Chile Lenqui site factsheet
Chile Marisma Buque Quemado site factsheet
Chile Monumento Natural Laguna de los Cisnes site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Salar de Huasco site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Torres del Paine site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Volcán Isluga site factsheet
Chile Pingüinera del Seno Otway site factsheet
Chile Pollolla Lagoon site factsheet
Chile Reserva Nacional Los Flamencos - Soncor site factsheet
Chile Salar de Pujsa site factsheet
Chile Salar de Tara site factsheet
Chile Santuario de las Aves Bahía de Caulín site factsheet
Chile Sistema Quetalmahue, Quilo y Mar Brava site factsheet
Chile Source of Huemules River site factsheet
Ecuador Lagunas de Ecuasal-Salinas site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Manglares-Churute site factsheet
Paraguay Laguna Ganzo site factsheet
Paraguay Parque Nacional Tinfunqué - Estero Patiño site factsheet
Peru Cotahuasi site factsheet
Peru Humedales de Chimbote site factsheet
Peru Lago de Junín site factsheet
Peru Lago Lagunillas site factsheet
Peru Lago Parinacochas site factsheet
Peru Laguna Chacchura site factsheet
Peru Laguna El Paraíso site factsheet
Peru Laguna Maquera site factsheet
Peru Ramis y Arapa (Lago Titicaca, sector Peruano) site factsheet
Peru Reserva Nacional de Paracas site factsheet
Peru Reserva Nacional Pampa Galeras site factsheet
Peru Reserva Nacional Salinas y Aguada Blanca site factsheet
Uruguay Castillos Lagoon site factsheet
Uruguay Garzón Lagoon site factsheet
Uruguay José Ignacio Lagoon site factsheet
Uruguay Rocha Lagoon site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of ground water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  
Food - human - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Phoenicopterus chilensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)
Species name author Molina, 1782
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,270,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species