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Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,060,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing Suspected -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16.3 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant Yes      
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant        
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Botswana Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Burundi Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Cape Verde Native Extant        
China (mainland) Vagrant Extant        
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) Vagrant Extant        
Comoros Native Extant        
Congo Vagrant Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Vagrant Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant Yes      
Equatorial Guinea Vagrant Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gambia Native Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Jordan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Vagrant Extant        
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Lesotho Vagrant Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malawi Native Extant        
Maldives Native Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant Yes      
Mauritius Vagrant Extant        
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant        
Mongolia Vagrant Extant        
Montenegro Vagrant Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant        
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Réunion (to France) Vagrant Extant        
Romania Vagrant Extant        
Russia Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant        
São Tomé e Príncipe Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Vagrant Extant        
Seychelles Native Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes    
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant Yes      
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Swaziland Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Tajikistan Vagrant Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant        
Uganda Native Extant        
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada site factsheet
Afghanistan Dashte Nawar site factsheet
Algeria Chott Merouane et Oued Khrouf site factsheet
Algeria Garaet et-Tarf site factsheet
Algeria Sebkha d'Oran site factsheet
Algeria Sebkhet Baker site factsheet
Algeria Sebkhet Djendli site factsheet
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve site factsheet
Botswana Makgadikgadi Pans site factsheet
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes site factsheet
Djibouti Lac Abhé site factsheet
Egypt El Malaha site factsheet
Egypt Lake Bardawil site factsheet
Egypt Zaranik Protected Area site factsheet
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde site factsheet
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech site factsheet
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos site factsheet
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme site factsheet
France Etangs Montpellierains site factsheet
France Etangs Narbonnais site factsheet
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre site factsheet
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine site factsheet
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers site factsheet
Greece Evros delta site factsheet
Greece Kallonis gulf site factsheet
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou) site factsheet
Greece Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula site factsheet
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Guinea Iles Tristao site factsheet
India Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary site factsheet
India Mahul - Sewree Creek site factsheet
India Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sambhar Lake site factsheet
India Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iraq Razzaza Lake (Bahr Al Milh) site factsheet
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh site factsheet
Italy Argentario, Laguna di Orbetello Lagoon e Lago di Burano site factsheet
Italy Cagliari wetlands site factsheet
Italy Palmas Gulf wetlands site factsheet
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kenya Lake Bogoria National Reserve site factsheet
Kenya Lake Elmenteita site factsheet
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park site factsheet
Kenya Lake Turkana site factsheet
Kenya Tana River Delta site factsheet
Libya Benghazi site factsheet
Madagascar Lakes Anony and Erombo site factsheet
Madagascar Mahavavy - Kinkony wetlands NPA site factsheet
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Mauritania Chott Boul site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla site factsheet
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss site factsheet
Morocco Marais Larache site factsheet
Morocco Merja Zerga site factsheet
Morocco Sebkha Bou Areg site factsheet
Morocco Sebkha Zima site factsheet
Namibia Cape Cross lagoon site factsheet
Namibia Etosha National Park site factsheet
Namibia Mile 4 saltworks site factsheet
Namibia Sandwich Harbour site factsheet
Namibia Tsumkwe pan system site factsheet
Namibia Walvis Bay site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Portugal Castro Marim site factsheet
Portugal Mondego Estuary site factsheet
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) site factsheet
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Qatar Khor al-Udeid site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons site factsheet
South Africa Barberspan and Leeupan site factsheet
South Africa Berg River Estuary site factsheet
South Africa Chrissie Pans site factsheet
South Africa De Hoop Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Kamfers Dam site factsheet
South Africa Lake St Lucia and Mkuze Swamps site factsheet
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves site factsheet
South Africa West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands site factsheet
Spain Cádiz bay site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain El Hondo wetland site factsheet
Spain Fuente de Piedra, Gosque and Campillos lakes site factsheet
Spain Guadalquivir marshes site factsheet
Spain Medina and Puerto Real lagoons site factsheet
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata site factsheet
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons site factsheet
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans site factsheet
Spain Wetlands of western Almería site factsheet
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Burungi site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Eyasi site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Kitangire site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Manyara site factsheet
Tanzania Singida lakes site factsheet
Tunisia Bibane site factsheet
Tunisia Bordj Kastil site factsheet
Tunisia Boughrara site factsheet
Tunisia Chott Djerid site factsheet
Tunisia Garaet Douza site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Tunisia Kerkennah islands site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Tunisia Lake Tunis (Lake Radès) site factsheet
Tunisia Salines de Monastir site factsheet
Tunisia Salines de Thyna site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet en Noual site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Halk el Menzel site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sedjoumi site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi el Hani site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Khelifa site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour site factsheet
Turkey Acıgöl Lake site factsheet
Turkey Burdur Lake site factsheet
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta site factsheet
Turkey Ceyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Çöl Lake and Çalıkdüzü site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Gökçeada Lagoon site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Kulu Lake site factsheet
Turkey Seyfe Lake site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet
Turkey Tersakan Lake site factsheet
Turkey Tuz Lake site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Turkmenistan Turkmenbashy Bay site factsheet
Yemen Aden site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Neritic Estuaries Major breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries Major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes Major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes Major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Food - human - - - Subsistence, National
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Phoenicopterus roseus. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)
Species name author Pallas, 1811
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,060,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change
- 2015 European Red List assessment