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Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable C2a(ii) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2007 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,080,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,080,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 5700 medium Estimated 1992
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation 8500 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15 - - -
Population justification: The African population is at least 8,000 individuals, and there may be 500 in the Middle East. This gives a total population of at least 8,500 individuals, roughly equivalent to 5,700 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The total population is suspected to be in decline at a moderately rapid rate, based on anecdotal information on regional declines, and extirpation in some parts of its range.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Algeria Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Angola Native Extant   Yes    
Benin Native Extant   Yes    
Botswana Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant   Yes    
Burundi Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Cameroon Native Extant       Yes
Central African Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Chad Native Extant       Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant       Yes
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant   Yes    
Djibouti Native Extant   Yes    
Egypt Native Extant       Yes
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant   Yes    
Eritrea Native Extant   Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
Gambia Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extinct       Yes
Jordan Native Extinct       Yes
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Libya Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Malawi Native Extant       Yes
Mali Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Native Extant       Yes
Morocco Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
Namibia Native Extant       Yes
Niger Native Extant       Yes
Nigeria Unknown Extant       Yes
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extinct   Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Native Extant       Yes
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant Yes Yes   Yes
Swaziland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Possibly Extinct        
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Togo Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Uganda Native Extant   Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
Western Sahara Unknown Extinct        
Yemen Native Extant       Yes
Zambia Native Extant       Yes
Zimbabwe Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Burundi Kigwena Forest Nature Reserve site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Israel Northern Arava valley site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Jordan Wadi Araba site factsheet
Oman Jabal al Akhdar site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Saudi Arabia At-Tubayq site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd site factsheet
Syria Jabal Sis site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Jebel Hafit site factsheet
Yemen Desert west of Al-Ghayda site factsheet
Zambia Lusenga Plain National Park site factsheet
Zambia Mbulo Forest site factsheet
Zambia Mutinondo Wilderness site factsheet
Zambia Mutulanganga site factsheet
Zambia Simungoma site factsheet
Zambia Sumbu National Park and Tondwa Game Management Area site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Savanna Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 3500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 4500 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Torgos tracheliotos. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Forster, 1791)
Population size 5700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,080,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change