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Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2bc+3bc+4bc 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2007 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Data Deficient
2000 Data Deficient
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 97.2 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,440,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing medium Suspected -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -
Population justification: Survey work in Kazakhstan and subsequent re-calculation of bird numbers across the known range of the species would suggest a world population of 76,000-95,000 pairs, roughly equivalent to 220,000-290,000 individuals in total. This upward revision of breeding numbers is reasonable given the large flocks recently reported on the wintering grounds, e.g. a flock of 76,000 individuals recorded at Vaal Dam in South Africa on the wintering grounds. An even larger flock of 250,000-800,000 individuals in Orange Free State in South Africa in 1991 suggests the population may be (or might have been) even larger.
Trend justification: The status of the European population (2,500-5,100 pairs, occupying 25-49% of the global breeding range) was recently reassessed in Birds in Europe (BirdLife International 2004). The most significant European population (in European Russia) declined steeply during 1990-2000, and overall the species declined by more than 50% over ten years (generation length: <3.3 years). This trend may have ceased since 2000, and the European population represents a fairly small proportion of the global population. The species is increasing in central and north-east Kazakhstan and south-east Russia. Trends in Central Asia are likely to determine the global status of the species, and there is evidence that some colonies have disappeared. Overall declines of approximately 20% are suspected.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Angola Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Botswana Native Extant   Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes      
Burundi Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Cameroon Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant     Yes  
Chad Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Croatia Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Equatorial Guinea Vagrant Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant     Yes  
Ethiopia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
Gabon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Georgia Native Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Ghana Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Guinea Vagrant Extant        
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant     Yes  
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Vagrant Extant        
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant        
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Vagrant Extant        
Mali Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Mauritania Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Vagrant Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant   Yes    
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Romania Native Extinct Yes      
Russia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Rwanda Native Extant   Yes Yes  
São Tomé e Príncipe Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Serbia Vagrant Extant        
Seychelles Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Somalia Vagrant Extant     Yes  
South Africa Native Extant   Yes    
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Tanzania Native Extant   Yes    
Togo Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Uganda Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Yemen Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Zambia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Angola Luando Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Armenia Armash fish-farm site factsheet
Botswana Lake Ngami site factsheet
Botswana Linyanti swamp/Chobe river site factsheet
Botswana Makgadikgadi Pans site factsheet
Botswana Okavango Delta site factsheet
Burundi Kigwena Forest Nature Reserve site factsheet
Ethiopia Baro river site factsheet
Georgia Chorokhi Delta site factsheet
Iraq Attariya Plains site factsheet
Iraq Hindiya Barrage site factsheet
Israel Carmel coast site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Israel Zevulun valley site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aksuat Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aktubek site factsheet
Kazakhstan Amangeldy site factsheet
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kamyshovoe-Zhamankol Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River site factsheet
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sagyz site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sankebay Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Shoshkaly Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Teniz-Karakamys Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Tounsor Hollow Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Uil River and Taysoygan Sands site factsheet
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhagabulak Forest site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System site factsheet
Namibia Eastern Caprivi wetlands site factsheet
Namibia Etosha National Park site factsheet
Namibia Mahango Game Reserve and Kavango river site factsheet
Namibia Tsumkwe pan system site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Abushkan lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Alabota lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Birsuat site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Burekesken Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chuburat Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Katai lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kharitonovsky complex of lakes and marshes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kocherdyksky goose zakaznik site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Kisloe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lyapuniha Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of the Uy river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Puchina area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Uryadki Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Uzkaya Steppe site factsheet
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan) site factsheet
Russia (European) Beglitskaya sand-spit site factsheet
Russia (European) Budary lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Bulukhta area site factsheet
Russia (European) Chonta site factsheet
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Russia (European) Drofiny area site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of the Terek river near Staroshchedrinskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo site factsheet
Russia (European) Kalausskiye floods site factsheet
Russia (European) Karanogaiskiye steppes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kazachka site factsheet
Russia (European) Krasnoarmeiskiye waste lands site factsheet
Russia (European) Kurnikov liman site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake Ayke site factsheet
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river site factsheet
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river site factsheet
Russia (European) Nizhnekumskiye floods site factsheet
Russia (European) Novokvasnikovski liman site factsheet
Russia (European) Prikumskiye steppes site factsheet
Russia (European) Sarpinskaya lake-system site factsheet
Russia (European) Shalkaro-Zhetykol'ski lake system site factsheet
Russia (European) Sostinskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Southern part of Chograiski reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Stepnovski saltmarshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Steppes in the vicinity of Kanavka village site factsheet
Russia (European) Tazhinski liman site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Safarovka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Varfolomeyevskiye saltmarshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Vicinity of Borisoglebovka (Saratovski [Semenovski] Reserve) site factsheet
Russia (European) Zhuravlinaya site factsheet
South Africa Amersfoort - Bethal - Carolina District site factsheet
South Africa Chrissie Pans site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Nyl River Floodplain site factsheet
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul site factsheet
Tanzania Serengeti National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Usangu flats site factsheet
Turkey Bulanık and Malazgirt Plains site factsheet
Turkmenistan Badhyz site factsheet
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park site factsheet
Uganda Murchison Falls National Park site factsheet
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George site factsheet
Ukraine Askania-Nova Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Zambia Kafue Flats site factsheet
Zambia Liuwa Plain National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites Marginal resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land Suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry Major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate Major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands Suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands Major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) Suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) Major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) Suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes Marginal breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Unknown Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Reduced reproductive success
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Glareola nordmanni. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Glareolidae (Coursers, Pratincoles)
Species name author Fischer, 1842
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,440,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment