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LC
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2011 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,980,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 9,820,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2002
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated at 692,000 individuals according to WPE3 population data, which are considered complete. National population estimates include: c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan, and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia.
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). This species has had stable population trends over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007) Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant   Yes    
Algeria Native Extant        
Angola Native Extant        
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant        
Argentina Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant        
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Australia Native Extant        
Austria Native Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant   Yes    
Bahamas Native Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Barbados Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant     Yes  
Belgium Native Extant   Yes    
Belize Native Extant   Yes    
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant        
Bolivia Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
Botswana Vagrant Extant        
Brazil Native Extant        
British Indian Ocean Territory Native Extant        
Brunei Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant   Yes    
Burundi Vagrant Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Canada Native Extant     Yes Yes
Cape Verde Native Extant        
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Chad Vagrant Extant        
Chile Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant   Yes    
Christmas Island (to Australia) Vagrant Extant        
Colombia Native Extant        
Comoros Native Extant        
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Cook Islands Vagrant Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Cuba Native Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Denmark Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Djibouti Native Extant        
Dominica Native Extant        
Dominican Republic Native Extant        
Ecuador Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
El Salvador Native Extant        
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant     Yes  
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Fiji Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Finland Native Extant     Yes  
France Native Extant   Yes Yes  
French Guiana Native Extant        
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Germany Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Grenada Native Extant        
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant   Yes    
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Native Extant        
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Guyana Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant        
Honduras Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Hungary Native Extant        
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes  
Ireland Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant   Yes    
Jamaica Native Extant   Yes    
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant     Yes  
Laos Vagrant Extant        
Latvia Native Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Lesotho Vagrant Extant        
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malawi Vagrant Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Native Extant        
Mali Vagrant Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes    
Martinique (to France) Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mauritius Native Extant        
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant   Yes    
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Nauru Vagrant Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant   Yes    
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant        
New Zealand Native Extant        
Nicaragua Native Extant        
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Native Extant     Yes  
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Panama Native Extant        
Papua New Guinea Native Extant        
Paraguay Native Extant        
Peru Native Extant        
Philippines Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant     Yes  
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Réunion (to France) Native Extant        
Romania Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Rwanda Vagrant Extant        
São Tomé e Príncipe Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant   Yes    
Seychelles Native Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes    
Solomon Islands Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
St Helena (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant        
St Lucia Native Extant        
St Martin (to France) Native Extant   Yes    
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant     Yes  
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Suriname Native Extant        
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Swaziland Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant     Yes  
Switzerland Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Togo Native Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant   Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes  
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Uruguay Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes      
Venezuela Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Vagrant Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa site factsheet
Bahrain Tubli Bay site factsheet
Canada Barre de Portneuf site factsheet
Canada Beaverhill Lake site factsheet
Canada Big Piskwanish Point site factsheet
Canada Boundary Bay - Roberts Bank - Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary) site factsheet
Canada Creswell Bay site factsheet
Canada Eastern Lake St. Clair site factsheet
Canada Foxe Basin Islands site factsheet
Canada Île Rouge site factsheet
Canada Lagune du Havre aux Basques et plage de l'Ouest site factsheet
Canada Marais de Gros-Cacouna site factsheet
Canada Marais de Pointe-au-Père site factsheet
Canada Southern Bight, Minas Basin site factsheet
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Laizhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong site factsheet
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary site factsheet
Costa Rica Nicoya Gulf mangroves and coastal areas site factsheet
Denmark Fanø site factsheet
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) site factsheet
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré site factsheet
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton site factsheet
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon site factsheet
French Guiana Amana site factsheet
French Guiana Ile de Cayenne site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Kourou site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Macouria site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Sinnamary site factsheet
French Guiana Plaine Kaw et Pointe Béhague site factsheet
Gabon Akanda site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Ilha de Bolama - Rio Grande de Buba site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs site factsheet
Japan Inner Ariake bay site factsheet
Japan Inner Tokyo bay site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Mexico Istmo de Tehuantepec-Mar Muerto site factsheet
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla site factsheet
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss site factsheet
Morocco Merja Zerga site factsheet
Mozambique Bazaruto Archipelago site factsheet
Namibia Walvis Bay site factsheet
Netherlands Ameland: Duinen-Oerd site factsheet
Netherlands Engelsmanplaat site factsheet
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast site factsheet
Netherlands Griend site factsheet
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast site factsheet
Netherlands Oosterschelde site factsheet
Netherlands Rottumeroog site factsheet
Netherlands Rottumerplaat site factsheet
Netherlands Schiermonnikoog site factsheet
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat site factsheet
Netherlands Wadden Sea site factsheet
Netherlands Westerschelde and Saeftinghe site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Panama Upper Bay of Panamá site factsheet
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay site factsheet
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey site factsheet
Russia (European) Seskar island site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone River Estuary site factsheet
Sierra Leone Yawri Bay site factsheet
South Africa West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands site factsheet
South Korea Asan Bay (including Asan-ho lake and Sapgyo-ho lake) site factsheet
South Korea Dongjin estuary site factsheet
South Korea Geum-gang river and estuary site factsheet
South Korea Mangyeong estuary site factsheet
South Korea Nakdong-gang estuary site factsheet
South Korea Namyang Bay site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of Yeongjong-do island site factsheet
South Korea Yubu-do island site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreïaa site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Khor Dubai site factsheet
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours site factsheet
United Kingdom Humber Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Portsmouth Harbour site factsheet
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries site factsheet
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries site factsheet
United Kingdom The Swale site factsheet
United Kingdom The Wash site factsheet
United Kingdom The Wash site factsheet
USA Teshekpuk Lake-E. Dease Inlet site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pluvialis squatarola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,980,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species