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Pirre Hummingbird Goethalsia bella

Justification
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it occurs at very few locations within a small range. Its habitat remains largely pristine and it is not thought to be declining at present, but any evidence of declines or new threats would result in its uplisting to a higher category of threat.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Distribution and population
Goethalsia bella is uncommon in the foothills of Cerro Sapo, Cerro Pirre and the Serranía de Jungurudo (G. R. Angehr in litt. 2000) in east Darién, Panama, and the adjacent extreme north-west Chocó in Colombia.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Ecology
It occurs in the understorey of montane humid forest and edge. It is most common at elevations of 1,050-1,200 m on Cerro Pirre, but has been recorded from 600-1,650 m (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Gwynne 1989).

Threats
Much of the highland forest within this very restricted range remains relatively pristine because of its inaccessibility and formal protection. The proposed Pan-American Highway link through Darién could be highly detrimental to this species (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Dinerstein et al. 1995) but there are no current plans for its completion.

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Conservation Actions Proposed
Research its ecology and population size. Grant protected status to areas of suitable habitat.

References
Dinerstein, E.; Olson, D. M.; Graham, D. J.; Webster, A. L.; Primm, S. A.; Bookbinder, M. P.; Ledec, G. 1995. A conservation assesssment of the terrestrial ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Hilty, S. L.; Brown, W. L. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Ridgely, R. S.; Gwynne, J. A. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Capper, D., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

Contributors
Angehr, G.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Goethalsia bella. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Rufous-cheeked hummingbird (Goethalsia bella) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
Species name author Nelson, 1912
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,900 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species