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Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 20,800,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 20,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.5 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.5,500,000-6,000,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China, c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.10,000 wintering individuals in Japan (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant increase over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant Yes      
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant   Yes    
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Australia Vagrant Extant        
Austria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahamas Native Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Barbados Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant     Yes Yes
Belize Native Extant   Yes    
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant       Yes
Botswana Vagrant Extant        
Brunei Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Canada Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Colombia Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Cuba Native Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant     Yes Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Djibouti Native Extant        
Dominica Native Extant        
Dominican Republic Native Extant        
Ecuador Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
El Salvador Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
French Polynesia Vagrant Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ghana Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant   Yes    
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Native Extant        
Guinea Vagrant Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant        
Honduras Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Hungary Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iceland Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Jamaica Vagrant Extant        
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kiribati Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes    
Martinique (to France) Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant     Yes Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Vagrant Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Vagrant Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
New Zealand Vagrant Extant        
Nicaragua Native Extant        
Niger Native Extant   Yes    
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Panama Native Extant        
Philippines Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Rwanda Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Vagrant Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant        
St Lucia Native Extant        
St Martin (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant Yes   Yes  
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Togo Native Extant   Yes    
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Venezuela Vagrant Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Virgin Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Virgin Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant        
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak site factsheet
Albania Karavasta Lagoon site factsheet
Algeria Lac des Oiseaux / Garaet et Touyour site factsheet
Algeria Lac Fetzara site factsheet
Algeria Lac Oubeïra site factsheet
Algeria Lac Tonga site factsheet
Algeria Marais de Mekhada site factsheet
Algeria Sebkhet Djendli site factsheet
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Hajigabul site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Belgium Bourgoyen-Ossemeersen site factsheet
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart site factsheet
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk site factsheet
Belgium Polderkomplex site factsheet
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde site factsheet
Belgium Zegge site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan site factsheet
Czech Republic Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds) site factsheet
Czech Republic Trebonsko (Trebon region) site factsheet
Denmark Hovvig site factsheet
Denmark Rømø site factsheet
Egypt El Malaha site factsheet
Egypt Lake Burullus site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
Egypt Lake Nasser site factsheet
Estonia Irbe strait site factsheet
Estonia Luitemaa site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan site factsheet
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort site factsheet
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton site factsheet
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin site factsheet
France Basses Vallées Angevines site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
France Domaine d'Orx site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Etang de Lindre site factsheet
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France La Dombes site factsheet
France Lac de Grand-Lieu site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient site factsheet
France Marais de Brière site factsheet
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars site factsheet
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne site factsheet
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
India Kanjli Lake site factsheet
India Patna Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sulekere Lake site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak site factsheet
Iraq Baquba wetlands site factsheet
Iraq Musayab site factsheet
Iraq Razzaza Lake (Bahr Al Milh) site factsheet
Ireland Lough Rea site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Zevulun valley site factsheet
Italy Cagliari wetlands site factsheet
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System site factsheet
Kenya Dandora ponds site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Mauritania Chott Boul site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Mexico Istmo de Tehuantepec-Mar Muerto site factsheet
Mexico Lago de Texcoco site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Selengiin Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Morocco Barrage al Massira site factsheet
Morocco Merja Zerga site factsheet
Netherlands Gelderse Poort site factsheet
Netherlands Groote Wielen site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Eemmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Gooimeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Sneekermeer and Goingarijp site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Volkerak site factsheet
Netherlands Lauwersmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Markiezaat site factsheet
Netherlands Oosterschelde site factsheet
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Oude Venen site factsheet
Netherlands Van Oordt's Mersken site factsheet
Netherlands Wadden Sea site factsheet
Netherlands Zoommeer site factsheet
Niger Lassouri - Karandi wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Lal Sohanra National Park site factsheet
Pakistan Pugri Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Forty islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir) site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Parapol'skiy valley site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Ikski area site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake Lacha site factsheet
Russia (European) Rybinsk reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Southern coast of the Neva bay site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain El Hondo wetland site factsheet
Spain Guadalquivir marshes site factsheet
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons site factsheet
Sweden Falsterbo-Bay of Foteviken site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Manyara site factsheet
Tunisia Garaet Mabtouh site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sedjoumi site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir site factsheet
United Kingdom Chew Valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels site factsheet
United Kingdom Lea Valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Ouse Washes site factsheet
United Kingdom Rutland Water site factsheet
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies site factsheet
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Spatula clypeata. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 20,800,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment