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Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2005 Least Concern
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,280,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.9 - - -
Population justification: The total population has been estimated to lie between 26,000 and 110,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006). From the limited information available, it would appear to be locally common in Central Africa, west to Nigeria, being most numerous in Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo and DRC (Callaghan and Green 1993, Scott and Rose 1996). In West Africa, it has apparently suffered major declines and is now very scarce, with perhaps fewer than 1,000 individuals remaining (Scott and Rose 1996).
Trend justification: The overall trend is suspected to be decreasing (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Angola Native Extant Yes      
Cameroon Native Extant Yes      
Central African Republic Native Extant Yes      
Congo Native Extant Yes      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant Yes      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant Yes      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant Yes      
Gabon Native Extant Yes      
Ghana Native Extant Yes      
Guinea Native Extant Yes      
Liberia Native Extant Yes      
Mali Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Nigeria Native Extant Yes      
Sierra Leone Native Extant Yes      
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Angola Camabatela site factsheet
Angola Luachimo River (Chitato) site factsheet
Angola Maiombe site factsheet
Cameroon Bakossi mountains site factsheet
Cameroon Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Cameroon Boumba - Bek site factsheet
Cameroon Campo Ma'an complex site factsheet
Cameroon Dja Faunal Reserve site factsheet
Cameroon Korup National Park site factsheet
Cameroon Lobéké National Park site factsheet
Cameroon Mbam Djerem National Park site factsheet
Cameroon Mbam Minkom - Kala site factsheet
Cameroon Ngaoundaba Ranch site factsheet
Cameroon Nki site factsheet
Cameroon Yabassi site factsheet
Central African Republic Bangui site factsheet
Central African Republic Bozoum site factsheet
Central African Republic Dzanga-Ndoki National Park site factsheet
Central African Republic Ngotto site factsheet
Congo Conkouati National Park site factsheet
Congo Lake Télé Community Reserve site factsheet
Congo Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex site factsheet
Congo Ntokou Pikounda Reserve site factsheet
Congo Odzala National Park complex site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lomako - Yekokora site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Luki Forest Reserve site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Maiko National Park site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Ngiri site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Okapi Faunal Reserve site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Salonga National Park site factsheet
Côte d'Ivoire Azagny National Park site factsheet
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park site factsheet
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park site factsheet
Côte d'Ivoire Peko Mountain National Park site factsheet
Côte d'Ivoire Sangbe Mountain National Park site factsheet
Côte d'Ivoire Tai National Park and Nzo Faunal Reserve site factsheet
Côte d'Ivoire Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves site factsheet
Equatorial Guinea Monte Alen National Park site factsheet
Gabon Gamba Protected Areas Complex site factsheet
Gabon Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Gabon Lopé Faunal Reserve site factsheet
Gabon Minkébé Forest Reserve site factsheet
Gabon Ogooué delta and Mandji island site factsheet
Ghana Ankasa Resource Reserve - Nini-Sushien National Park site factsheet
Ghana Bia National Park and Resource Reserve site factsheet
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve site factsheet
Guinea Diécké site factsheet
Guinea Mafou site factsheet
Guinea Massif du Ziama site factsheet
Liberia Grebo site factsheet
Liberia Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex site factsheet
Liberia Nimba mountains site factsheet
Liberia Sapo National Park site factsheet
Liberia Wologizi mountains site factsheet
Liberia Zwedru site factsheet
Nigeria Biseni forests site factsheet
Nigeria Donga river basin forests site factsheet
Nigeria IITA Forest Reserve, Ibadan site factsheet
Nigeria Lower Kaduna - Middle Niger flood-plain site factsheet
Nigeria Sunvit Farm site factsheet
Nigeria Upper Orashi forests site factsheet
Sierra Leone Gola Forest Reserve site factsheet
Sierra Leone Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve site factsheet
South Sudan Bengangai site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp major resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Shifting agriculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Handicrafts, jewellery, decorations, curios Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pteronetta hartlaubii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)
Species name author (Cassin, 1859)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 4,280,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change