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Chukar Alectoris chukar
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -
Population justification: Rich et al. (2004) have estimated the global population to number c.2,000,000 individuals, while in Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number c.660,000-1,900,000 breeding pairs, equating to c.1,980,000-5,700,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 5-24% of the global range, so a revised estimate of the global population size is c.2,000,000-10,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population in China has been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Introduced Extant       Yes
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Canada Introduced Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Egypt Native Extant        
France Introduced Extant Yes      
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Introduced Extant Yes      
Greece Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Italy Introduced Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Introduced Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
New Zealand Introduced Extant Yes      
Norway Introduced Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Introduced Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Introduced Extant Yes      
Spain Introduced Extant Yes      
St Helena (to UK) Introduced Extant        
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
USA Introduced Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Gndasar site factsheet
Armenia Jermook site factsheet
Armenia Khosrov Reserve site factsheet
Armenia Noravank site factsheet
Azerbaijan Turianchai site factsheet
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges site factsheet
Cyprus Ezousa Valley and Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands site factsheet
Cyprus Kormakitis Peninsula site factsheet
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains site factsheet
Greece Lefka mountains site factsheet
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) site factsheet
Greece Mount Dikti site factsheet
Greece Mount Idi site factsheet
Greece Nisiros island and nearby islets site factsheet
Russia (European) Samurski ridge site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Alectoris chukar. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author (Gray, 1830)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 10,300,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment