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Rufous-headed Chachalaca Ortalis erythroptera

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,v) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type continent
Average mass 632 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 19,400 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1500-7000 medium Estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 250-1000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: A new population has been discovered in eastern Esmeraldas, Ecuador, which, judging by the area of potentially available habitat, may hold one of the world's largest subpopulations. However, population densities are usually low, and the population there is currently estimated at only 500-1,000 birds (O. Jahn in litt. 2007, P. Mena Valenzuela in litt. 2007). Its historical range to the south is now extremely fragmented, with viable populations restricted to only a few locations and probably maintaining less than 5,000 individuals. The population is thought to be best placed in the band 2,500-9,999 individuals, based on density estimates and the species's Extent of Occurrence. This equates to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: A moderate and on-going population decline is suspected on the basis of continued habitat destruction and fragmentation.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Colombia Native Extant Yes      
Ecuador Native Extant Yes      
Peru Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Ecuador Alamor-Celica site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Cerro Blanco site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Chongón-Colonche site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Jatumpamba-Jorupe site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Molleturo Mullopungo site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Puyango site factsheet
Ecuador Cañón del río Catamayo site factsheet
Ecuador Catacocha site factsheet
Ecuador Cayapas-Santiago-Wimbí site factsheet
Ecuador Cazaderos-Mangaurquillo site factsheet
Ecuador Centro Científico Río Palenque site factsheet
Ecuador Cerro Mutiles site factsheet
Ecuador Estación Científica Pedro Franco Dávila site factsheet
Ecuador Hacienda Camarones site factsheet
Ecuador La Tagua site factsheet
Ecuador Mache Chindul Ecological Reserve and surrouding areas (Reserva Ecológica Mache-Chindul IBA) site factsheet
Ecuador Mataje-Cayapas-Santiago site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Machalilla y alrededores site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Biológica Tito Santos site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Buenaventura site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Arenillas site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Comunal Loma Alta site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Manglares-Churute site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Natural Tumbesia-La Ceiba-Zapotillo site factsheet
Ecuador Tambo Negro site factsheet
Ecuador Tonchigüe-Mompiche site factsheet
Ecuador Verde-Ónzole-Cayapas-Canandé site factsheet
Peru Coto de Caza El Angolo site factsheet
Peru Parque Nacional Cerros de Amotape site factsheet
Peru Suyo-La Tina site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1850 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ortalis erythroptera. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows)
Species name author Sclater & Salvin, 1870
Population size 1500-7000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 19,400 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species