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Yellow-legged Tinamou Crypturellus noctivagus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

This species is classified as Near Threatened as population declines are believed to approach the threshold for qualification as Vulnerable.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

Distribution and population
Crypterellus noctivagus is rare to locally common in the caatinga and Atlantic forests of east Brazil. The nominate race occurs from south Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul, with an apparent stronghold in south São Paulo and east Paraná (Aleixo and Galetti 1997). It is now restricted to only a few Atlantic forest sites (Cabot 1992), but appears to have always been scarce or rare in the south of its range (Hellmayr 1929, Belton 1984). The race zabele occurs from Minas Gerais (common in the north according to G. M. Kirwan in litt. 1999) to Piauí and Pernambuco (Sick 1993).

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Trend justification
A moderately rapid and on-going population decline is suspected, owing to rates of habitat destruction and hunting pressure.

It occurs in caatinga and Atlantic forest, particularly remnant lowland forest from 0-300 m. It can apparently survive in degraded and secondary forest.

It suffers from widespread and continuing habitat destruction and hunting pressure throughout its range, but can survive in degraded and secondary forest (Aleixo and Galetti 1997).

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Protect remaining habitat. Raise awareness about the species's rarity and encourage local people to reduce hunting pressure. Continue monitoring populations and assess the impacts of hunting.

Aleixo, A.; Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International 7: 235-261.

Belton, W. 1984-1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 178.

Cabot, J. 1992. Tinamidae (Tinamous). In: Del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 112-138. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Hellmayr, C. E. 1929. A contribution to the ornithology of north-eastern Brazil. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series XII(No. 18 Publ. 255).

Sick, H. 1993. Birds in Brazil: a natural history. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Symes, A., Benstead, P., Symes, A., Williams, R., Sharpe, C J

Kirwan, G.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Crypturellus noctivagus. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Tinamidae (Tinamous)
Species name author (Wied, 1820)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,470,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species