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Location Greece, Central Macedonia
Central coordinates 23o 9.00' East  41o 12.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 12,000 ha
Altitude 32 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society



Site description Kerkini is a freshwater reservoir with reedbeds (Phragmites), some wet forest, and arable land.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus passage  1996  12-110 individuals  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1996  85-550 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna winter  1996  130-1,200 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  1995  22,000 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca winter  1995  31,500 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1995  15,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca resident  1995  frequent  C6  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1993  3-100 individuals  A1, C1  Endangered 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1996  110-150 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  1996  120-600 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia resident  1996  55-120 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta breeding  1996  445-640 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1996  530-900 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1996  170-260 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1996  70-360 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  1996  900 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  1996  1,200 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  1996  450 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus resident  1991  430 breeding pairs  A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1991  500 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1993  2,500 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo resident  1993  1,125 breeding pairs  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes breeding  10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  1996  8-13 individuals  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta passage  1,200 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1993  250 breeding pairs  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger breeding  1993  50 breeding pairs  C2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1995  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Artificial Lake Kerkini Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 10,996 protected area overlaps with site 11,170  
Lake Kerkini and greater area National Park 78,316 protected area overlaps with site 14,789  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO - GR1260001 Habitats Directive 78,304 protected area contains site 15,266  
OROS BELES - GR1260010 Birds Directive 25,311 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA - GR1260008 Birds Directive 27,713 protected area overlaps with site 10,689  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  15%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  80%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 80%
forestry 10%
water management 80%
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National None International High10,996 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Kerkini reservoir, 10,996 ha). 10,995 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Techniti Limni Kerkinis, 10,995 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Kerkini. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife