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Location Greece, East Macedonia and Thrace
Central coordinates 26o 18.00' East  41o 11.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 42,370 ha
Altitude 10 - 620m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description The forest lies at the south-eastern end of Mount Rodopi. The site is a mosaic of mature forest, meadows, small areas of cultivation and rivers.

Key Biodiversity This is a very important site for breeding and wintering raptors with 36 species recorded. Breeding birds include eight of the 21 species that are restricted in Europe to the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (3-6 wintering individuals), Aquila heliaca (breeding, 2-4 wintering individuals), Falco naumanni.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  70-100 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  9-11 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus breeding  40-60 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  90-100 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes breeding  8-12 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  15-17 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  7-9 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  6-15 individuals  good  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  4-6 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  15-20 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  5-6 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  common  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis breeding  frequent  B2  Least Concern 
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum breeding  frequent  A3, B2, C6  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  common  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  common  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  frequent  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dadia--Lefkimi Forest Wildlife Refuge 7,200 protected area contained by site 7,200  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  60%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  5%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  5%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Ruderal land  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
forestry 62%
military 6%
nature conservation and research 20%
tourism/recreation 5%

Protection status National Partial International Partial7,200 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Dadia-Lefkimi-Lykofis Forest, 7,200 ha). 1,186 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Zioga-Kalivia/Dadias, Soufliou, 1,187 ha). 7,465 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Dasos Dadias- Soufli, 7,465 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife