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Location Greece, East Macedonia and Thrace
Central coordinates 26o 0.00' East  40o 52.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Area 19,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A coastal wetland complex formed by the delta of the River Evros on the Greece/Turkey border (adjacent to Turkish IBA 001).

Key Biodiversity A very important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds, raptors and passerines. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (breeding, passage), Oxyura leucocephala (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (breeding, wintering), Aquila heliaca (non-breeding), Falco naumanni (passage), Larus audouinii (non-breeding). The site is a major migratory bottleneck, where more than 5,000 Ciconia ciconia regularly pass.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus winter  1988  116 individuals  A1, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis winter  1985  1,800-2,000 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Mute Swan Cygnus olor winter  1993  744 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna winter  1995  1,630 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera winter  1995  380 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope winter  1995  10,850 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca winter  1995  13,400 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  1997  5,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  7,500 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  1997  abundant  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia passage  1997  500 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  1997  2,600 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  1995  164 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1997  26,000 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1997  7,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  10 individuals  unknown  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Haematopus ostralegus resident  present  B1i, C3  Not Recognised 
Haematopus ostralegus winter  1995  212 individuals  B1i, C3  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  1995  460 individuals  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1997  100 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  1997  10 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris passage  250 individuals  unknown  A1, C1  Critically Endangered 
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis passage  1992  380 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Little Stint Calidris minuta winter  1995  2,300 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  1997  150-250 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i, B2, C2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  1997  60 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus breeding  1997  250 breeding pairs  good  B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1997  200 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster breeding  present  B2  Least Concern 
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla breeding  present  B2, C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  7,500 individuals  B1iv, C5   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Delta Evrou Dimon Tra¿anoupolis Ferron Wildlife Refuge 5,532 protected area contained by site 3,952  
Evros Delta National Park 19,182 protected area overlaps with site 18,173  
Evros delta Protected Area 0 protected area overlaps with site 18,172  
Evros Delta Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 9,267 protected area contained by site 8,930  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  6%
Grassland Humid grasslands  5%
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  23%
Coastline Lagoons; Salt marshes; Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
fisheries/aquaculture 20%
military 50%
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation 30%
water management 100%

Protection status National Partial International Partial4,600 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Delta Evrou, 4,600 ha). Part of IBA covered by Protected Area. 9,267 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Evros Delta, 9,267 ha). 9,218 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Delta Evrou, 9,218 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Evros delta. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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