|Location||Philippines, Region XII|
|Central coordinates||123o 15.00' East 7o 48.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 1,300m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Mt Timolan is c.20 km inland from Pagadian City, to the south of Mt Sugarloaf (PH109). It rises to just over 1,000 m. Lowland forest is reported to cover c.80% of the area and there are also areas of secondary grassland. There are numerous rivers and streams and freshwater lakes and pools that provide habitat for water birds, including Lake Timolan, which has been transformed into a marshy area. Arable land is present, and is planted with perennial crops and orchards. The forests serve as watershed for surrounding lowland communities and contains the headwaters of the Dinas and Labangan Rivers.
Key Biodiversity The avifauna of Mt Timolan is poorly known, although there are several recent records of Philippine Eagle and the forests there are probably an important part of the network of sites required for the conservation of that critically endangered species. The lowland forests which are reported to survive there may support populations of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area, including some that have been recorded on the lower slopes of nearby Mt Sugarloaf (PH109) and Mt Malindang (PH107).
Non-bird biodiversity: Other wildlife reported in the area includes Philippine Tarsier Tarsius syrichta, Philippine warty pig Sus philippensis, squirrels, probably Exilisciurus concinnus and Sundasciurus philippinensis, common palm civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus and monitor lizard Varanus salvator.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Mount Timolan||Protected Landscape||1,909||protected area contained by site||1,909|
|Mount Timolan Buffer Zone||Protected Landscape/Seascape - Buffer Zone||742||protected area overlaps with site||165|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
Protection status The Mt Timolan area was declared a provincial park and wildlife sanctuary in 1992 by the provincial government through Provincial Ordinance No. 3.
References Haribon Foundation (1998).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Timolan Protected Landscape. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/06/2016
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