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Location Philippines, Region XII
Central coordinates 123o 15.00' East  7o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 2,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,300m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation



Site description Mt Timolan is c.20 km inland from Pagadian City, to the south of Mt Sugarloaf (PH109). It rises to just over 1,000 m. Lowland forest is reported to cover c.80% of the area and there are also areas of secondary grassland. There are numerous rivers and streams and freshwater lakes and pools that provide habitat for water birds, including Lake Timolan, which has been transformed into a marshy area. Arable land is present, and is planted with perennial crops and orchards. The forests serve as watershed for surrounding lowland communities and contains the headwaters of the Dinas and Labangan Rivers.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi 2001  present [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia 2001  present [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mount Timolan Protected Landscape 1,909 protected area contained by site 1,909  
Mount Timolan Buffer Zone Protected Landscape/Seascape - Buffer Zone 742 protected area overlaps with site 165  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Other biodiversity Other wildlife reported in the area includes Philippine Tarsier Tarsius syrichta, Philippine warty pig Sus philippensis, squirrels, probably Exilisciurus concinnus and Sundasciurus philippinensis, common palm civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus and monitor lizard Varanus salvator.

Protection status The Mt Timolan area was declared a provincial park and wildlife sanctuary in 1992 by the provincial government through Provincial Ordinance No. 3.

References Haribon Foundation (1998).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Timolan Protected Landscape. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife