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Location Philippines, Region IX
Central coordinates 123o 13.00' East  7o 58.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 22,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,527m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description Mt Sugarloaf is about 30 km inland from Pagadian City, to the south-west of Mt Malindang (PH107). The mountain rises to over 1,500 m, so the forests around the peak are montane. In 1997, the lowland forests on the slopes of Mt Sugarloaf were found to be heavily degraded, with kaingins up to an altitude of 900 m. Nearby Mt Pinukis, however, retained good forest cover and is therefore included in the IBA. It was estimated in 1997 that the forest on Mt Pinukis and adjacent mountains could total more than 22,000 ha.

Key Biodiversity Several of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded on Mt Sugarloaf, including Philippine Eagle, mainly during a collecting expedition in 1969. Most of the species recorded then were lowland and mid-altitude forest specialists, including the threatened Silvery Kingfisher, Wattled Broadbill, Philippine Leafbird and Celestial Monarch, suggesting that the montane forests near the mountain peaks were not fully surveyed. It is likely that the avifauna of Mt Sugarloaf will prove to be similar to that of nearby Mt Malindang (PH107).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Alcedo argentata resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Blue-capped Kingfisher Actenoides hombroni resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Mindanao Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Celestial Monarch Hypothymis coelestis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Little Slaty Flycatcher Ficedula basilanica resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Philippine Leafbird Chloropsis flavipennis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status Not officially protected.

References Haribon Foundation (1998).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Sugarloaf. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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