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Location Philippines, Region IX
Central coordinates 123o 23.00' East  8o 19.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 10,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,186m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description Mt Dapiak and Mt Paraya lie to the east of Mt Malindang (PH107) in north-eastern Zamboanga del Sur Province, and rise to 980 and 1,186 m respectively. It has been reported that much of Mt Dapiak is denuded of forest, with only small patches of remnant secondary vegetation, but nearby Mt Paraya is reported to have approximately 80% intact forest. Much of this forest is likely to be lowland in type, with montane forest near the mountain peaks. However, little reliable information is available on this area because of its relative inaccessibility. The native Subanen tribe lives in these mountains.

Key Biodiversity Several of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded on or near to Mt Dapiak, mainly during collecting expeditions in the 1950s, including Philippine Eagle. It is possible that the forests in this IBA will prove to have a similar avifauna to those of nearby Mt Malindang (PH107) and Mt Sugarloaf (PH109), and it could prove to have a more intact lowland avifauna than these other IBAs.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Giant Scops-owl Otus gurneyi resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo argentata resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Ceyx melanurus resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Mindanao Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Azure-breasted Pitta Pitta steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Little Slaty Flycatcher Ficedula basilanica resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status Mt Paraya has been proposed as a provincial park by Zamboanga del Sur province as well as proposed for protection under the NIPAS by DENR Region 9.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Dapiak-Mount Paraya. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife