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Location Philippines, Region IX,Region X
Central coordinates 123o 38.00' East  8o 13.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 53,262 ha
Altitude 762 - 2,425m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description Mt Malindang is the highest mountain on the Zamboanga Peninsula in western Mindanao. The Malindang range is included in a national park, the boundaries of which define the IBA. Other mountains in the park include Dapitan Peak and Mt Bliss, and there are several waterfalls and a mountain lake, called Duminagat, at 1,500 m. The park has c.24,500 ha of forest and c.14,300 ha of open cultivated lands. A small portion of the forest area (7%) has been converted to permanent farmland, or is now abandoned farmland. Over 50% of the forest can be classified as lower montane and over 30% as upper montane or mossy forest. There is very little lowland forest left (about 2.5%), often in patches interspersed among secondary scrub, which totals to about 5% of the area. Mt Malindang National Park is the major source of water for the adjoining provinces of Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur.

Key Biodiversity Several collecting expeditions visited Mt Malindang in the past, mainly in the 1950s and 1960s, and many of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded there. They include montane forest specialists, which are likely to still have healthy populations in the extensive montane forests that remain there, including Mindanao Racquet-tail, Olive-capped Flowerpecker, Black-masked White-eye, White-cheeked Bullfinch and the threatened Blue-capped Kingfisher. However, almost all of the lowland forest has been cleared from the lower slopes of Mt Malindang, and this IBA is unlikely to support significant populations of the lowland and mid-altitude forest specialists which were recorded there in the past, such as Mindanao Bleeding-heart, Mindanao Brown-dove and Spotted Imperial-pigeon. Philippine Eagle has been recorded several times on Mt Malindang, and this IBA is an important past of the network of sites required for the conservation of this critically endangered species. Seven subspecies of birds are only recorded from Mt Malindang, but some of them may also prove to occur elsewhere in the mountains of the Zamboanga Peninsula.

Non-bird biodiversity: A threatened species of small mammal, Crocidura grandis, is known only from Mt Malindang, and many other mammal species endemic to Mindanao occur there.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Japanese Night-heron Gorsachius goisagi winter  1956  present  A1  Endangered 
Nisaetus philippensis resident  1956  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi resident  1956-1998  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Mindanao Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba crinigera resident  1978  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Dark-eared Brown-dove Phapitreron brunneiceps resident  1960-1969  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola resident  1900-1915  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue-capped Kingfisher Actenoides hombroni resident  1963  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli resident  1900-1915  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Little Slaty Flycatcher Ficedula basilanica resident  1956  rare  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mount Malindang National Park 31,065 protected area contained by site 31,065  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status Mt Malindang was designated as a National Park and Watershed Reserve through Republic Act No. 6266 on 19 June 1971. Currently, the park is under the management of the DENR-National Integrated Protected Areas Project with funding support from the European Union (EU-DENR NIPAP). The Mt Malindang mountain complex is being recommended by the DENR Region 10 to the DENR Central Office for Proclamation into a Protected Area under the NIPAS.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Malindang Natural Park. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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