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Location Philippines, Region XI
Central coordinates 125o 33.00' East  6o 9.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 50,000 ha
Altitude 490 - 1,853m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description A large range of mountains extends southwards along the border between South Cotabato and Davao del Sur Provinces, from near Mt Latian in the north to near Mt Daingan in the south, which include several peaks which rise to well over 1,000 m. A large block of forest is shown there on recent forest cover maps, which includes substantial areas of both montane forest around the peaks and lowland forest on the lower slopes. On Mt Daingan, for example, there are old-growth dipterocarp forests at elevations ranging from 490 to 1,800 m. These forests are vital for the protection of the watersheds of several major rivers, such as the Big Glan, Big Lun and Little Lun, which feed agricultural lands to the north and south of General Santos City.

Key Biodiversity Several of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded in this IBA, mainly during a collecting expedition to Mt Tuduk in 1966. They are mainly birds of lowland and mid-altitude forest, including Lesser Eagle-owl, Silvery Kingfisher, Wattled Broadbill and Azure-breasted Pitta. The extensive, relatively low-altitude forests that are reported to survive in the Mt Latian complex are likely to support significant populations of many of these and of other birds of conservation concern. This could prove to be one of the most important sites for the conservation of lowland birds in the EBA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Japanese Night-heron Gorsachius goisagi winter  2001  present  A1  Endangered 
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Giant Scops-owl Otus gurneyi resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo argentata resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Ceyx melanurus resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Mindanao Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Azure-breasted Pitta Pitta steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status Not officially protected.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Latian complex. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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