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Location Philippines, Region XI
Central coordinates 125o 5.00' East  6o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 14,000 ha
Altitude 1,290 - 2,293m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description Mt Matutum is a steep mountain north of the town of General Santos in South Cotabato Province. A recent forest cover survey reported that the forest stands on Mt Matutum are found at 1,290 to 2,270 m, and are therefore all montane in type. Mt Matutum has a forest reserve of 14,000 ha, of which c.3,000 ha is reported to still be primary forest. The boundaries of this reserve are used to define the IBA.

Key Biodiversity Many of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded on Mt Matutum, most of them during collecting expeditions in the 1960s. They include several montane forest specialists, which are likely to still have substantial populations in the remaining montane forests there, including Mindanao Racquet-tail, Whiskered Flowerpacker, Olive-capped Flowerpecker, Black-masked White-eye and the threatened Blue-capped Kingfisher. However, almost all of the forest has been cleared from the lower slopes of Mt Matutum, and this IBA is unlikely to support significant populations of the lowland and mid-altitude forest specialists which were found there in the past, such as Mindanao Bleeding-heart, Mindanao Brown-dove, Spotted Imperial-pigeon, Wattled Broadbill, Philippine Leafbird and Celestial Monarch. Philippine Eagle has recently been recorded on Mt Matutum, and this IBA is probably still important for the conservation of this critically endangered species. A subspecies of Snowy-browed Flycatcher, Ficedula hyperythra matutumensis is only known from Mt Matutum.

Non-bird biodiversity: Several species of threatened mammals are known from Mt Matutum.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Nisaetus philippensis resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Mindanao Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba crinigera resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Dark-eared Brown-dove Phapitreron brunneiceps resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Giant Scops-owl Otus gurneyi resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue-capped Kingfisher Actenoides hombroni resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Mindanao Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Celestial Monarch Hypothymis coelestis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Philippine Leafbird Chloropsis flavipennis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mount Matutum Protected Landscape/Seascape 17,497 protected area contains site 14,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status A joint NGO-LGU-GO Mt Matutum Working Group has submitted draft proclamation papers for Mt Matutum National Park under the NIPAS, which are endorsed by DENR to the President of the Philippines.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Matutum Protected Landscape. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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