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Location Philippines, Region XII
Central coordinates 125o 16.00' East  7o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 3,000 ha
Altitude 1,100 - 1,448m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description Mt Sinaka is in the north-east of North Cotabato Province. There is forest remaining on the mountain between 1,100 and 1,448 m, including mossy forest above c.1,200 m, but the lower altitude forests are secondary or very badly degraded. This area was logged in the past, and the remaining forest is now surrounded with wide tracts of open grassland and agricultural land.

Key Biodiversity Several of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded in or near to this IBA, including the threatened Philippine Eagle, Philippine Hawk-eagle, Mindanao Brown-dove and Philippine Leafbird. The Philippine Eagle has nested successfully on Mt Sinaka during the 1990s.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Nisaetus philippensis resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Dark-eared Brown-dove Phapitreron brunneiceps resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Philippine Leafbird Chloropsis flavipennis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status Not officially protected.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Sinaka. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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