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Location Philippines, Region XII
Central coordinates 124o 2.00' East  7o 59.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 10,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,582m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description Several substantial blocks of old growth forest are shown on recent forest cover maps in the hills to the west of Lake Lanao (PH097), near the villages of Munai and Tambo. Much of the land in this area is below 1,000 m, with the highest peak only reaching just over 1,500 m, so most of the remaining forest is likely to be lowland forest, with only small areas of montane forest around the highest peaks. This IBA includes a proposed protected area, Mt. Inayawan, which is located within the barangays of Inayawan and Pantar in south-eastern Nunungan, adjacent to the border of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur Provinces. This proposed site cover an area of about 1,000 ha.

Key Biodiversity Several of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded in or near to this IBA, during collecting expeditions near to the village of Munai at Tambo and Balintad in the 1960s. They are mainly lowland forest species, including Mindanao Bleeding-heart, Wattled Broadbill and Azure-breasted Pitta, suggesting that this was the main habitat visited. There are also areas of montane forest in the IBA, and it is likely that a wider range of threatened and restricted-range birds will be found there.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Mindanao Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba crinigera resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Ceyx melanurus resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Blue-capped Kingfisher Actenoides hombroni resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Mindanao Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Azure-breasted Pitta Pitta steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status Not officially protected.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Munai / Tambo. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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