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Location Philippines, Region X
Central coordinates 125o 12.00' East  8o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 80,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 2,552m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description This large IBA extends from Mt Kaluayan (Mt Lumot) in southern Misamis Oriental through south-eastern Bukidnon and along the border between Bukidnon and Agusan del Sur, east of the Pulangi river, to the Mt Kinabalian area. It comprises a large block of forest that is shown on recent forest cover maps. Mt Kaluayan is close to Mt Balatukan (PH091), and is a high mountain rising to 2,552 m. The rest of the mountains are relatively low, with Mt Kinabalian the highest peak in the south of the IBA at 1,672 m. Other peaks in the IBA include Mt Kimangkil. Old growth montane forest remains on the middle to upper slopes of these mountains. There are lowland forests on the lower slopes, which have been reported to be mainly secondary, although intact lowland dipterocarp forests were found at 490 m at Sitio Mayonhayon, Barangay Guibonon, Esperanza, Agusan del Sur in 1998.

Key Biodiversity Several of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded in or near to this IBA, but most of the mountains included in it are ornithologically unexplored. The extensive forests that are reported to remain in the IBA are likely to support many species of conservation concern, and could prove to be important for both the lowland and montane forest specialist species of the EBA.

Non-bird biodiversity: The montane forests on the northern slopes of Mt Lumot supports many endemic species, including 10 Mindanao mammalian endemics and 14 species of herpetofauna endemic to the Mindanao faunal region.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Nisaetus philippensis resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Philippine Eagle-owl Bubo philippensis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo argentata resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Ceyx melanurus resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Blue-capped Kingfisher Actenoides hombroni resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Azure-breasted Pitta Pitta steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Celestial Monarch Hypothymis coelestis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Philippine Leafbird Chloropsis flavipennis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status DENR Region 10 is preparing a draft proclamation for the declaration of Mt Kimangkil and Mt Lumut (which are part of this IBA) as a component of the NIPAS.

References Haribon Foundation (1998, 1999).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Kaluayan - Mount Kinabalian Complex. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife