|Location||Philippines, Region VII|
|Central coordinates||124o 13.00' East 9o 44.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||200 - 800m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Rajah Sikatuna National Park is about 8 km inland from the national road of Bilar, in the low mountain range in the south of the Bohol Island. Practically all of the significant forest on Bohol is inside this park, with only patches of intermingled plantations and dipterocarp forest elsewhere on the island. The park is characterised by rolling hills with remnant natural forest on steep limestone terrain, surrounded by plantation forest, deforested hills and grassland. Limestone (molave) forest covers c.60% of the park, grassland c.15%, forestry and agro-industrial plantations c.5%, and permanent agricultural areas c.10%. Four natural springs, the Logarita, Anislag, Mabugnao and Aghuban springs, flow down from the park and provide the water supply to the surrounding municipalities. There is a small settlement composed of approximately a hundred households, and about 10% of the park has been converted to agricultural land. The park is an attractive destination for tourists because of the chocolate hill formations, the heavily forested hills and the extensive network of good trails.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Philippine Duck Anas luzonica||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Nisaetus philippensis||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Not Recognised|
|Mindanao Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba crinigera||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Philippine Eagle-owl Bubo philippensis||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Alcedo argentata||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Not Recognised|
|Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Visayan Broadbill Eurylaimus samarensis||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Azure-breasted Pitta Pitta steerii||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Streaked Reed-warbler Acrocephalus sorghophilus||winter||2001||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia||resident||2001||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Rajah Sikatuna||Protected Landscape||11,034||protected area contains site||9,023|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
Other biodiversity The park also holds six species of large mammals: Philippine Tarsier Tarsius syrichta, Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis, Philippine Flying Lemur Cynocephalus volans, Malay Civet Viverra tangalunga, Common Palm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus and Wild Pig Sus philippensis. Caves in the park are important for bats and swiftlets.
Protection status Proclaimed on 10 July 1987 by Proclamation No. 129 and designated as a National Park.
Related state of the world's birds case studies
References Brooks et al. (1995); Lambert (1993).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rajah Sikatuna Protected Landscape. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014
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