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Location Philippines, Region VII
Central coordinates 124o 13.00' East  9o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 9,023 ha
Altitude 200 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description Rajah Sikatuna National Park is about 8 km inland from the national road of Bilar, in the low mountain range in the south of the Bohol Island. Practically all of the significant forest on Bohol is inside this park, with only patches of intermingled plantations and dipterocarp forest elsewhere on the island. The park is characterised by rolling hills with remnant natural forest on steep limestone terrain, surrounded by plantation forest, deforested hills and grassland. Limestone (molave) forest covers c.60% of the park, grassland c.15%, forestry and agro-industrial plantations c.5%, and permanent agricultural areas c.10%. Four natural springs, the Logarita, Anislag, Mabugnao and Aghuban springs, flow down from the park and provide the water supply to the surrounding municipalities. There is a small settlement composed of approximately a hundred households, and about 10% of the park has been converted to agricultural land. The park is an attractive destination for tourists because of the chocolate hill formations, the heavily forested hills and the extensive network of good trails.

Key Biodiversity Rajah Sikatuna National Park is a popular site for birdwatchers, and there are many recent records of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area. These include all three species endemic to the Eastern Visayas, Samar Hornbill, Visayan Broadbill and Yellow-breasted Tailorbird. It is one of only a handful of sites where the threatened Mindanao Bleeding-heart and Azure-breasted Pitta have been recorded recently. Five subspecies of birds are endemic to Bohol, Streaked Ground-Babbler Ptilocichla mindanensis fortichi, Black-crowned Babbler Stachyris nigrocapitata boholensis, Rufous-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias ruficauda boholensis, Yellow-bellied Whistler Pachycephala philippensis boholensis and Metallic-winged Sunbird Aethopyga pulcherrima decorosa, and the forests in Rajah Sikatuna National Park are also essential for their conservation.

Non-bird biodiversity: The park also holds six species of large mammals: Philippine Tarsier Tarsius syrichta, Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis, Philippine Flying Lemur Cynocephalus volans, Malay Civet Viverra tangalunga, Common Palm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus and Wild Pig Sus philippensis. Caves in the park are important for bats and swiftlets.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philippine Duck Anas luzonica resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Nisaetus philippensis resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Mindanao Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba crinigera resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Philippine Eagle-owl Bubo philippensis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo argentata resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Visayan Broadbill Eurylaimus samarensis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Azure-breasted Pitta Pitta steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Streaked Reed-warbler Acrocephalus sorghophilus winter  2001  present  A1  Endangered 
Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Rajah Sikatuna Protected Landscape 11,034 protected area contains site 9,023  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status Proclaimed on 10 July 1987 by Proclamation No. 129 and designated as a National Park.

References Brooks et al. (1995); Lambert (1993).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rajah Sikatuna Protected Landscape. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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