|Location||Philippines, Region VII|
|Central coordinates||123o 35.00' East 9o 11.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Siquijor is a hilly, coralline island, covering 344 km2 and reaching 628 m in altitude. Only four significant blocks of forest remain on the island, which cover a total of 781 ha, and all are reserves controlled by DENR. Bandila-an and Lilo-an, the two largest forests, are now much smaller than in the 1950s, and there are signs of continuing degradation. Lilo-an is under particular pressure, and the understorey has been replaced by maize over about 90% of the area, so the site is more like parkland than forest. The two small forest patches, Canghaling and Salagdo-ong, are also currently under pressure from logging and encroachment. Bandila-an has the best remaining forest, and retains a typical forest avifauna, so it has been selected as the most appropriate site on the island to be an IBA. It contains some remnant primary lowland forest, the only primary forest remaining on Siquijor, but is characterised by highly disturbed secondary growth dominated by fig Ficus tree species. In most places the canopy is broken and the undergrowth thick with saplings of large trees, shrubs and coarse grasses. A lookout platform has been erected at Bandila-an Peak (= Mt Malabohoc), which is the highest point on the island. This is now a local tourist spot made accessible by a barangay road that cuts through the reserve. Farmlots and abandoned agricultural fields surround the reserve
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Japanese Night-heron Gorsachius goisagi||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Philippine Hawk-eagle Nisaetus philippensis||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Streak-breasted Bulbul Ixos siquijorensis||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
Other biodiversity The extant mammal fauna is largely composed of bats, including four Philippine endemic bat species. Spotted Deer and Visayan Warty Pig are reported to have occurred on Siquijor in the past, but are almost certainly now extinct here.
Protection status Bandila-an is a forest reserve, but not an area protected for wildlife conservation.
References Evans et al. (1993a,b); Lepiten (1997).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Bandila-an. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2013
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