|Location||Philippines, Region VI|
|Central coordinates||123o 8.00' East 10o 25.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||306 - 2,465m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Mt Kanla-on is the highest peak on Negros, and lies c.35 km south-east of Bacolod City. There are several volcanic craters and peaks in the Kanla-on range, the highest of them reaching 2,435 m. These mountains are included in the Mt Kanla-on National Park, and forest within the park is estimated to cover about 11,475 ha or 46.7% of its total area. Other habitats include open grassland and cultivated lands occupied by settlers. Most of the forest is montane, including mossy forest from about 1,700 m to the bare peaks of the active volcanoes or low shrubby vegetation and grassland of the inactive peaks. There are some areas of lowland forests at Guintubdan and Mambucal, and possibly elsewhere on the slopes. The forest along the valley of the Guintubdan trail starts at 1,050 m, and is then continuous up to the peak of the volcano. It descends somewhat lower on adjacent ridges, but is in poor condition at these altitudes. Ten years ago the forest boundary was around 800 m, where only fragments now remain. This indicates a fast rate of retreat and a great loss of important mid-altitude forest. At Mambucal, forest descends to about 750 m, lower in some precipitous valleys. A few forest species occur in parkland at Mambucal village at 400 m. On the gentler slopes it has been logged to around 950 m, above which forest is primary and extends to the summit. The logged forest is rather open, but many large trees remain, and the area supports a high diversity and density of forest birds. Sources of livelihood on Kanla-on include upland farming, orchid gathering, wood gathering, charcoal making and livestock raising. The park serves as the primary watershed for one fifth of the land area of the province, about 160,000 ha of valuable agricultural land where sugar and rice are the main products. It also has important recreational, educational, scientific and historical values.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Negros Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba keayi||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Negros Fruit-dove Ptilinopus arcanus||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Visayan Hornbill Penelopides panini||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Rufous-headed Hornbill Aceros waldeni||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|White-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina ostenta||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Negros Striped-babbler Stachyris nigrorum||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Flame-templed Babbler Dasycrotapha speciosa||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|White-throated Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias albigularis||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Visayan Flowerpecker Dicaeum haematostictum||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Canlaon||Natural Park||24,680||protected area contains site||24,557|
|Mount Kanlaon||Natural Park||24,697||protected area contains site||24,557|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
Other biodiversity The endangered Philippine Spotted Deer Cervus alfredi and Visayan Warty Pig Sus cebifrons have been recorded, and other threatened and endemic mammals probably occur.
Protection status Mt Kanla-on National Park was declared by Proclamation No. 721 on 8 August 1934, and revised by Proclamation No. 1005 on 8 May 1997. This is a GEF-CPPAP site.
References Brooks et al. (1992); Gatumbato (1997); Lambert (1993).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Kanla-on Natural Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2013
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