|Location||Philippines, Region IVa|
|Central coordinates||122o 34.00' East 12o 25.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 2,057m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Sibuyan Island is one of a small group of islands off the north of Panay, which also includes the islands of Tablas and Romblon. The slopes of the highest mountains on the island, Mt Guiting-guiting and Mt Nailog, are generally steep and in some areas virtually inaccessible to humans. The name of the former mountain translates from Ilongo, the principal language spoken on Sibuyan Island, as "saw-tooth," which describes the series of precipitous jagged peaks that are so conspicuous from the lowlands. Primary forests cover c.14,000 ha, which is c.33% of the land area of Sibuyan. However, most of the lower altitude forest has been logged or is secondary. Mt Guiting-guiting Natural Park was established to protect these forests, which are mainly in the centre and north of the island, and covers an area of c.15,700 ha out of Sibuyan’s total area of c.44,500 ha. The Park is remarkable for its outstandingly scenic landscape with twin towering peaks set amidst closed canopy forests. Its forests remain largely intact, and include the entire elevational gradient from lowland dipterocarp forest (at c.200-900 m) and mangroves, through montane forest (above c.700 m) to mossy forest, heathland and montane grassland around the peaks. Sibuyan Island has attractive scenery and considerable potential for tourism.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Philippine Duck Anas luzonica||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Celestial Monarch Hypothymis coelestis||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Mount Guiting Guiting||Natural Park||15,344||protected area contained by site||15,344|
|Sibuyan Island||Mangrove Forest Reserve||45,760||protected area contains site||15,700|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
Other biodiversity Sibuyan Island is remarkable for its endemic flora and fauna, a result of the island's relative isolation since the middle to late Pleistocene. There are estimated to be 700 vascular plant species on the island, including 54 species that are endemic to it. Five species of mammals (all threatened) (one fruit bat and four rodents) are endemic to Sibuyan, and the critically endangered fruit bat Nyctimene rabori occurs there.
Protection status Mt Guiting-guiting Natural Park was declared by Proclamation No. 746 on 20 February 1996. It is an EU-DENR NIPAP site.
References Davis et al. (1995); Goodman and Ingle (1993); Goodman et al. (1995).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Guiting-guiting Natural Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2013
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