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Location Philippines, Region IV
Central coordinates 120o 58.00' East  12o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 4,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 894m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description This IBA includes a group of forest remnants on a limestone ridge adjacent to Iglit-Baco National Park, a few kilometres to the south of Siburan (PH042). The ridge peaks at just below 1,000 m, and is forested for several kilometres. Clearance has been very recent here, such that many big trees and residual patches of forest exist in the lowlands, especially along field edges and watercourses. Continuous forest is now only found on the sides of steep, narrow ridges. Here the forest was on very irregular broken ground, creating heterogeneous forest types with many areas of scrubby thickets and few tracts of tall shady forest.

Key Biodiversity All of the endemic lowland forest species of the Mindoro Endemic Bird Area have recently been recorded at Malpalon, although Mindoro Bleeding-heart is known from there only by unconfirmed reports. It is therefore of considerable conservation importance, despite the limited amount of undisturbed forest that remains there.

Non-bird biodiversity: A species of wild pig occurs at Malpalon, and Tamaraw Bubalus mindorensis was present there in the past and still occurs nearby.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-hooded Coucal Centropus steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Mindoro Hornbill Penelopides mindorensis resident  2001  present  A1  Endangered 
Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker Dicaeum retrocinctum resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status This IBA is not officially protected, apart from a small area around Tusk Peak that lies within Iglit-Baco National Park. A small area, mostly grassland, around Tusk Peak, is within Iglit-Baco National Park. Otherwise, apparently none of the area is protected, although some of it is afforded nominal protection as a "Catchment Forest".

References Dutson et al. (1992); Evans et al. (1993a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Malpalon. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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