|Location||Philippines, Region IV|
|Central coordinates||121o 10.00' East 12o 51.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 2,487m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information Many of the threatened and restricted-range birds of the Mindoro Endemic Bird Area have been recorded in this IBA, and the extensive montane forests which remain there are likely to prove to be important for montane species, notably the endemic Mindoro Imperial-pigeon and Mindoro Scops-owl. The record of Luzon Water-redstart there is one of only two from Mindoro, the only island other than Luzon where this species has been recorded. The tracts of lowland forest that are reported to remain on Mts Katmuran-Kiblatoy and possibly elsewhere on the lower mountain slopes in this IBA could prove to be important for the conservation of some of the endemic lowland birds of Mindoro, such as Mindoro Bleeding-heart.
Site description This IBA includes Mt Iglit, Mt Baco, Mt Roosevelt and associated peaks in the eastern section of Mt Iglit-Baco National Park, in the centre of Mindoro. The northern boundary of the IBA is taken to be the border between Mindoro Occidental and Mindoro Oriental provinces, where it meets Mt Halcon (PH039), so it includes a large part of the crescent-shaped mountain ranges to the north of the national park. Iglit-Baco National Park is mostly grassland, but there is one area of forest close to Mt Iglit, a few other small patches, and an extensive block on steep slopes in the Mindoro Oriental sector of the park. These are mainly montane forests on very steep slopes, but there are some areas of lowland dipterocarp forest. There is a c.367 ha stand of acacia Samanea saman woodland at 50-100 m in the southern part of the park close to Lamintao River, and an area of agoho Casuarina equisetifolia forest at the Tamaraw Gene Pool Area, along the Anahawin River. Most of the mountains and plateaus in the east of the park are covered in grassland or heavily degraded forest. The extensive areas of grassland in the west of the national park are not included in the IBA. The mountains north of the national park still hold extensive forests, but most of these are montane forests on the higher slopes. However, there are some areas of lowland forest, for example on Mts Katmuran-Kiblatoy, where sizeable tracts of such habitat are reported to be present. A survey in the 1990s found patches of forest as low as 300 m in this range (as seen from Villa Cervesa, Victoria), but there were signs of human encroachment as represented by burning and the presence of agricultural tracts near the slopes. Mt Iglit-Baco National Park is home to four Philippine cultural groups (Batangan, Hinunuo, Mayan and Bangan), who practice traditional agriculture and depend on the park for game and food gathering.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Philippine Duck Anas luzonica||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Mindoro Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba platenae||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Mindoro Imperial-pigeon Ducula mindorensis||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Black-hooded Coucal Centropus steerii||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Mindoro Hornbill Penelopides mindorensis||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Luzon Water-redstart Rhyacornis bicolor||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker Dicaeum retrocinctum||-||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Mounts Iglit - Baco||National Park||84,831||protected area contains site||75,445|
|Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park||ASEAN Heritage||75,445||is identical to site||75,445|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||-|
Other biodiversity Mt Iglit-Baco National Park is most famous for the conservation of the tamaraw Bubalus mindorensis, a Mindoro endemic, and its grassland habitat. Although much of this grassland is excluded from this IBA, it is still likely to be extremely important for this species. Significant numbers of deer and wild pigs are also reported to occur there. Mt Iglit-Baco is the type locality for the Mindoro pallid flying fox Pteropus sp. a, which is believed to have very small and fragmented populations, and is probably highly endangered.
Management considerations Threats to this area include cattle ranching, upland farming and firewood gathering, which have led to rapid deforestation both inside and outside the Mt Iglit-Baco National Park. The unpredictable law and order situation in the immediate vicinity of the park has made it difficult to prevent these disturbances. However, some of the remaining forests are very remote, and therefore relatively safe. Most of the grasslands are being used as pasture, and regular burning is the conventional practice used to encourage the growth of young grass shoots. In many cases, these are left to spread into the forest, which are slowly being eroded. The stand of acacia woodland near to the Lamintao River is threatened by over-harvesting for furniture making. There are ecotourism activities in the lower parts of the park near the Anahawin River, the impacts of which are not known. Hunting and poaching of the resources of the national park are also reported to be problems. The main hunting pressure is caused by trophy hunters from outside the park, but it is also caused to some extent by the traditional hunting of the Mangyans, whose numbers have increased quite substantially. The tamaraw, although protected by law, is still hunted in this area, especially in the remote parts.
Protection status This IBA overlaps with Mt Iglit-Baco National Park (75,445 ha), which was declared by Republic Act No. 6148 on 9 November 1970. The park is an initial component of the NIPAS, but no category has yet been submitted. Mt Iglit-Baco is one of the priority sites under the DENR-EU NIPAP.
Conservation response The provincial government of Mindoro Occidental has developed a conservation education campaign for local schools in the vicinity of the national park, with the local DENR and the Toyota Corporation.
References Custodio et al. (1996); Dans and Gonzalez (unpublished); Diesmos and Pedregosa (1995); Dutson et al. (1992); Evans et al. (1993a).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Iglit - Baco Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/06/2013
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