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Location Poland, lubelskie,podkarpackie
Central coordinates 23o 8.00' East  50o 23.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C6
Area 78,840 ha
Altitude 50 - 280m
Year of IBA assessment 2010

Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Ptaków



Site description The site is covered by large expanses of forest, mainly coniferous and dominated by pine Pinus and fir Abies. There are many fish-ponds, mainly in the area of Ruda Ró¿aniecka village, and wet areas of Pinus forest with bilberry Vaccinium and small reed-grass Calamagrostis.

Key Biodiversity Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (one pair).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus breeding  2006-2009  50-60 males only  good  C6  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2005-2008  20-30 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  2006-2009  65-80 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  2006-2009  33-36 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  2006-2009  150 males only  medium  C1  Least Concern 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana breeding  2004-2008  10-30 males only  good  C6  Least Concern 
Ural Owl Strix uralensis breeding  2006-2009  13-14 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo breeding  2006-2009  8-10 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  2009  33-35 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  2006-2007  100-360 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius breeding  2009  400-800 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  2006-2009  1,000-1,500 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria breeding  2005-2009  100-200 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 very high near favourable medium
Population
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland   0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Ciconia nigra Black Stork 30 30 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Pernis apivorus European Honey-buzzard 80 80 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Clanga pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle 40 36 breeding pairs 90 near favourable
Crex crex Corncrake 120 150 males only 100 favourable
Strix uralensis Ural Owl 8 14 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl 5 10 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl 15 35 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Lullula arborea Wood Lark 1500 1500 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sylvia nisoria Barred Warbler 200 200 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dolina Dolnej Tanwi - PLH060097 Habitats Directive 8,518 protected area overlaps with site 3,955  
Park Krajobrazowy Puszczy Solskiej Landscape Park 28,980 protected area contained by site 28,980  
Puszcza Solska - PLB060008 Birds Directive 79,349 is identical to site 78,840  
Roztocze - PLB060012 Birds Directive 103,503 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Uroczyska Puszczy Solskiej - PLH060034 Habitats Directive 34,672 protected area contained by site 34,672  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  85%
Grassland   10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 85%
water management 5%
hunting -

Protection status National High International None28,980 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Park (Puszcza Solska, 28,980 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Solska Forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife