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Location Philippines, Region IV
Central coordinates 120o 56.00' East  13o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 2,497 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,215m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description There are several forest fragments inland of Puerto Galera, to the north west of Mt Halcon (PH039), inside the Iraya Mangyan Ancestral Domain Watershed Reserve. The habitats there include logged-over secondary growth forest, remnants of lowland dipterocarp forest, lower montane to almost mossy forest around the peak of Mt Malasimbo, coconut plantations, mixed parang vegetation (secondary growth), beach forest, cogon grassland and mangroves. The best quality forests are on the southern slopes of Mt Malasimbo, and there are secondary and disturbed forests at Mt Alinbayan, Tamaraw Falls and Baclayan, a remnant of logged-over dipterocarp forest in barangay Balatero. Puerto Galera is a popular tourist resort and a fishing port, and the surrounding land is used for agriculture and plantations. The Iraya Manggang tribe has been awarded a Certificate of Ancestral Domain Claim (CADC) for this area.

Key Biodiversity  There are recent records of several of the threatened and restricted-range lowland forest species of the Mindoro Endemic Bird Area from the patches of lowland forest inland from Puerto Galera, mainly on the slopes of Mt Malasimbo. These are amongst the largest areas of lowland forest remaining on Mindoro, and the local prohibition of hunting on Mt Malasimbo may make this a particularly important site for the conservation of Mindoro Bleeding-heart and other threatened lowland species.

Non-bird biodiversity: This area is likely to support endemic threatened small mammals, but no surveys have been conducted. Marine animals sighted near this IBA include short-finned pilot whale Globiocephala macrorhynchus and the endangered olive ridley turtle Lepidochelys olivacea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mindoro Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba platenae resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Mindoro Imperial-pigeon Ducula mindorensis resident  2001  present  A1  Endangered 
Black-hooded Coucal Centropus steerii resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Mindoro Hornbill Penelopides mindorensis resident  2001  present  A1  Endangered 
Ashy Thrush Zoothera cinerea resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker Dicaeum retrocinctum resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia resident  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   -

Protection status This IBA is defined by the boundaries of the proposed Iraya Mangyan Ancestral Domain Watershed Forest Reserve (2,497 ha). Part of the Puerto Galera area was proclaimed as a Marine Reserve/Tourist Zone by Proc. No. 1801 in 1978.

References Dans et al. (1997); Diesmos and Pedregosa (1995); Gonzalez (1993).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Puerto Galera. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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