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Location Philippines, Region V
Central coordinates 124o 3.00' East  12o 47.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 3,673 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,560m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Haribon Foundation

Site description Bulusan Volcano National Park is near the tip of the Camarines (Bicol) Peninsula, at the south-eastern extreme of Luzon Island. There are three main peaks within the park, the active Bulusan Volcano, the highest of the three, which is characterized by numerous deep ravines and caves, and Sharp Peak and Mt Jormahan. The center of the mountain complex forms an undrained area known as the Aguingay Lake, which dries up during summer. Another lake in the Park, Lake Bulusan, is a famous tourist destination. This region lies within the typhoon belt and is subject to severe storms between September and November. A substantial area of forest remains in the park, including both montane forest around the peak, and lowland forest on the slopes. Other habitats include secondary grassland, freshwater lakes and pools, small settlements and rural gardens, abandoned farmland and disturbed ground. The park supports the needs of the nearby communities through its forest products, watershed and recreational values. Local communities utilize the lower slopes as agricultural land. It is the source of water for several communities and for the irrigation of surrounding agricultural land, and it provides natural protection from calamities such as typhoons and flashfloods.

Key Biodiversity  Many of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Luzon Endemic Bird Area have been recorded on or near to Mt Bulusan, and the relatively extensive forests which are reported to remain there are likely to support important populations of some of these species.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals that have been recorded on Mt Bulusan include the heavily hunted Philippine Brown Deer Cervus mariannus, Philippine Warty Pig Sus philippensis and the threatened southern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat Phloeomys cumingi. Some of the other threatened endemics that occur on Mt Isarog possible also occur. Endemic herpetofauna recorded in this IBA include the Rough-backed Forest Frog Platymantis corrugatus, Common Forest Frog Platymantis dorsalis, Yellow-striped Slender Tree Skink Lipinia pulchella, Jagor’s Sphenomorphus Sphenomorphus jagori and the threatened Sailfin Water Lizard Hydrosaurus pustulatus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philippine Duck Anas luzonica resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Nisaetus philippensis resident  2001  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Flame-breasted Fruit-dove Ramphiculus marchei resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Philippine Eagle-owl Bubo philippensis resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bulusan Volcano National Park 3,720 protected area contains site 3,673  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Protection status Bulusan Volcano National Park was declared by Proc. 811 on 7 June 1935. It is proposed as a natural park under the NIPAS.

References Alcala (1986); Alcala and Brown (1998); DENR (IPAP); Diesmos and Altamirano (1995); Peñas et al. (1996).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bulusan Volcano Natural Park. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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