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Location Poland, mazowieckie
Central coordinates 20o 35.00' East  52o 20.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C6
Area 40,570 ha
Altitude 70 - 110m
Year of IBA assessment 2010

Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Ptaków



Site description A highly fragmented forest in the Wis³a valley, between the Bzura and Wis³a (Vistula) rivers. Coniferous and mixed forests cover banks of sand-dunes along the river terrace, below which lies the marshy valley floor, with watercourses flowing to the Bzura river. Marshy areas are covered with reedbeds Phragmites, sedge-beds, meadows, and riverine forest and scrub. Marshy areas higher up the terrace are covered by broadleaved deciduous forest. Former agricultural land, now abandoned (including whole villages), is situated mainly in the centre of the marshy zone, and is reverting to forest, aided by active afforestion.

Key Biodiversity The site is very important for breeding Crex crex. A total of 133 species have been confirmed breeding. In recent years (1980-1996) 5-7 species stopped breeding compared with the 1950-1979 period. Over the last quarter-century there have been 13 breeding species of raptor and seven non-breeding visitors or winterers. Three raptors (Falco peregrinus, Milvus migrans and Circus cyaneus) stopped breeding in the 1970s, one (Circaetus gallicus) in the 1980s, and Aquila pomarina is decreasing. Non-raptors which have stopped breeding in recent years at the site include Tetrao tetrix, Burhinus oedicnemus, Coracias garrulus and Lanius minor.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2004-2009  13-17 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  2004-2009  110-140 males only  good  C1  Least Concern 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana breeding  2004-2009  30-60 males only  poor  C6  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa breeding  2004-2009  7-10 breeding pairs  good  C1  Near Threatened 
Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola breeding  2006  2-3 males only  good  C1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2010 very high unfavourable low
Population
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - persecution/control past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution air-borne pollutants happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution domestic and urban waste water happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Artificial - terrestrial   0 0 very poor (< 40%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable
Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Shrubland   0 0 very poor (< 40%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Ciconia nigra Black Stork 15 17 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Crex crex Corncrake 270 140 males only 52 unfavourable
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake 60 60 males only 100 favourable
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit 10 10 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kampinoski PN National Park 38,548 protected area contained by site 38,544  
Puszcza Kampinoska - PLC140001 Birds Directive 37,640 protected area overlaps with site 36,207  
Various II Nature Reserve 4,722 protected area contained by site 4,722  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  71%
Shrubland Scrub  12%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Ruderal land  17%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 63%
nature conservation and research 15%
not utilised 12%

Protection status National High International None35,700 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Kampinoski, 35,700 ha). 4,722 ha of IBA covered by 24 Nature Reserves (Biela; Cyganka; Czapliniec De³by; Czarna Woda im. prof. Aleksandra Kaliszki; Czerwiñskie Góry I á II; Granica; Kalisko; Karpaty; Krzywa Góra; £u¿e; Nart im. in¿. Stanis³awa Richtera; Niepust; Po¿ary; Przyæmieñ; Roztoka; Rybitew; Sieraków im. prof. Romana Kobendzy; Tuszko; Wilków; Zaborów Leœny; Zamczysko; ¯urawiowe; together totalling 4,722 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kampinos forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/11/2014

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