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Location Palestinian Authority Territories, Bethlehem,Hebron
Central coordinates 35o 19.00' East  31o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Area 15,000 ha
Altitude 250 - 600m
Year of IBA assessment 1999

Palestine Wildlife Society

Site description It is a protectoral area and, there are Bedouin in this area come from Arab Al Kina'n and Al Rashida family. They from area to another asking form water and grass, some of them stay at this area by all the year, some become citizens in this area and farmers. This area extents from south east of Bethlehem to the regions of the south of Hebron at which it reaches to the mount that surrounding the Dead Sea , there are some vallies interposed this area like Ra'as Al Hemar that is considered as one of the most beautiful area and it is a part of Wadi Kretoon / south east of Bethlehem. It has some Byzantium and Roman monasteries that are built in the past era and there are still some of mosaics in some agrologic areas. It can be reached by many ways either by Bethlehem district or from Tquo' village and then pass to Arab Al Asakra, or through Wadi Kretoon region, or from the south side of the Dead Sea region and go up to the high mountain and then to this wonderful area. This area is contact with Ain Gedi region from the southern eastern part region of the West Bank.

Key Biodiversity The large raptors especially the Egyptian Vulture is one of the birds in this region and this bird stay in this area and it breeds in it. There is also the Griffon Vulture that is found in the western site of Al Fashkha and on the Dead Sea.

Non-bird biodiversity: The most important animals of this are Capra ibex, Gazella, Rocky Hyrax, Fox, Hyeana.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1991  present  B3  Least Concern 
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus breeding  1991  1 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina passage  1991  5,000-10,000 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1991  2-4 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1991  2-3 breeding pairs  good  B2  Endangered 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1991  350 individuals  poor  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Hume's Owl Strix butleri resident  1991  2 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Babbler Turdoides squamiceps resident  1991  present  B3  Least Concern 
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii resident  1991  200 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1991  5,000-10,000 individuals  B1iv   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Rocky areas   minor
Grassland   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture minor
tourism/recreation minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jerusalem wilderness. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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