email a friend
printable version
Location Latvia, Aluksne district,Gulbene district,Strenci municipality,Valka district,Valmiera district,Valmiera municipality
Central coordinates 26o 23.09' East  57o 32.32' North
IBA criteria C1, C6
Area 21,810 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Latvijas Ornitologijas Biedriba

Site description The site consists of a ca. 100 km long and uniquely diverse section of Gauja river valley, including significant areas of natural flood-plain meadows of outstanding value. Covered by a complex systems of natural riverbed terrain rich in ox-bows. The site also includes a mosaic of farmland and forest. Deciduous forest dominates along the bottom and on the slopes of the valley whereas the upper parts include coniferous, mainly Scot's Pine, forests and the raised Puksu bog. Parts of the IBA have been listed in varying combinations since 1994 [4, 5, 1]. Fully protected: there is a 99.7% overlap with the newly designated Ziemelgauja protected landscape area, a candidate SPA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus resident  1994-2004  50-80 males only  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1994-2004  250-350 breeding pairs  unknown  C1, C6  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media breeding  1994-2004  16-20 breeding pairs  unknown  C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Ural Owl Strix uralensis resident  1994-2004  15-30 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus resident  1994-2004  3-10 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  1994-2004  20-40 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Dendrocopos leucotos resident  1994-2004  10-20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1994-2004  10-50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ziemelgauja Protected Landscape 21,749 protected area overlaps with site 21,740  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  4%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas  11%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  7%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  70%
Shrubland Scrub  7%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry 50%
tourism/recreation minor
urban/industrial/transport minor
nature conservation and research minor

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ziemelgauja. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife