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Location Poland, lubelskie
Central coordinates 22o 55.00' East  51o 33.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C6
Area 13,590 ha
Altitude 143 - 170m
Year of IBA assessment 2010

Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Ptaków



Site description A forest complex in the north-west part of the £êczyñsko-W³odawskie lakeland, between the Wieprz-Krzna Canal and the Tyœmienica river. The forest is drained by tributaries of the Tyœmienica (Ocho¿a, Piwonia-Bobrówka, Konotopa. Forest is mainly pine Pinus (stands up to 160 years old in some places) and mixed oak Quercus/pine, with some small stands dominated by other broadleaved species. In places there are transitional mires covered by sedge-beds (Scheuchzeria/Carex), and there are meadows along the Ocho¿a.

Key Biodiversity Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (2-3 pairs), Haliaeetus albicilla (two pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  2009  7-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Near Threatened 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  2004-2009  10-20 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Not Recognised 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  2009  60-80 males only  poor  C1  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo breeding  2009  13-15 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 very high favourable low
Population
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Grassland   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck 5 10 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl 12 15 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dolina Tysmienicy - PLB060004 Birds Directive 7,364 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Jezioro Obradowskie Nature Reserve 82 protected area contained by site 82  
Królowa Droga Nature Reserve 39 protected area contained by site 39  
Lasy Parczewskie Nature Reserve 157 protected area contained by site 157  
Lasy Parczewskie - PLB060006 Birds Directive 14,024 protected area contains site 13,590  
Ostoja Parczewska - PLH060107 Habitats Directive 3,592 protected area overlaps with site 3,310  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  93%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  5%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Standing freshwater  2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry 90%
nature conservation and research 5%
hunting -

Protection status National Low International None82 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Jezioro Obradowskie [Peatbog Reserve], 82 ha). 35 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Królowa Droga, 35 ha). 157 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Lasy Parczewskie, 157 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parczew forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife